Psychological Stress Factors Related to Depression in White-Collar Workers: Within or Outside the Workplace

Koji Nakamura; Hikaru Seto; Shinji Okino; Kazuya Ono; Makiko Ogasawara; Yuka Shibamoto; Toshihiko Agata; Kazuhiko Nakayama
June 2011
International Medical Journal;Jun2011, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p89
Academic Journal
Objective: In recent years there have been an increase in the number of white-collar workers who cannot adapt themselves to their work, experience depression, and even commit suicide. However, the factors that lead to depression have not yet been sufficiently clarified. The present study was conducted to identify the background factors related to depression in white-collar workers. Materials and Methods: We performed a survey involving 228 white-collar workers. The question items included age, gender, presence/absence of a spouse or children, working and overtime hours, psychological stress in and outside the workplace, satisfaction with work, relationships with co-workers, and other background information. Questionnaires and scales, including the GHQ-30, MPS, NEO-FFI, and RSS, were also used. Results: Logistic regression analysis revealed that "anxiety and dysthymia" were markedly associated with "neuroticism: NEO-FFI" (0.868), "concern over mistakes: MPS" (0.921), and "psychological stress in the workplace" (0.905) (p < 0.05). "Suicidal depression" was significantly associated with "neuroticism: NEO- FFI" (0.896), "self-esteem" (0.975), "psychological stress outside the workplace" (0.489), "extraversion" (0.893), and "presence/absence of a spouse" (1.097) (p < 0.05). Conclusion: There are close relationships between depression in white-collar workers and their personal characteristics, feelings of self-esteem, and psychological stress experienced outside, rather than inside the workplace.


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