TITLE

Antimicrobial Prophylaxis in Adults

AUTHOR(S)
Enzler, Mark J.; Berbari, Elie; Osmon, Douglas R.
PUB. DATE
July 2011
SOURCE
Mayo Clinic Proceedings;Jul2011, Vol. 86 Issue 7, p686
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Antimicrobial prophylaxis is commonly used by clinicians for the prevention of numerous infectious diseases, including herpes simplex infection, rheumatic fever, recurrent cellulitis, meningococcal disease, recurrent uncomplicated urinary tract infections in women, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in patients with cirrhosis, influenza, infective endocarditis, pertussis, and acute necrotizing pancreatitis, as well as infections associated with open fractures, recent prosthetic joint placement, and bite wounds. Perioperative antimicrobial prophylaxis is recommended for various surgical procedures to prevent surgical site infections. Optimal antimicrobial agents for prophylaxis should be bactericidal, nontoxic, inexpensive, and active against the typical pathogens that can cause surgical site infection postoperatively. To maximize its effectiveness, intravenous perioperative prophylaxis should be administered within 30 to 60 minutes before the surgical incision. Antimicrobial prophylaxis should be of short duration to decrease toxicity and antimicrobial resistance and to reduce cost.
ACCESSION #
62807427

 

Related Articles

  • Urinary Tract Infection in Women: Diagnosis and Treatment. Johnson, James R.; Stamm, Walter E. // Annals of Internal Medicine;12/1/89, Vol. 111 Issue 11, p906 

    Examines the prevalence of acute urinary tract infection in women. Clinical syndrome associated with acute infections of the urinary tract; Diagnosis of the infection; Information on antimicrobial agents for urinary tract infection.

  • Antimicrobial prophylaxis to prevent perioperative infection in urological surgery: a multicenter study. Togo, Yoshikazu; Tanaka, Shiro; Kanematsu, Akihiro; Ogawa, Osamu; Miyazato, Minoru; Saito, Hideo; Arai, Yoichi; Hoshi, Akio; Terachi, Toshiro; Fukui, Katsuya; Kinoshita, Hidefumi; Matsuda, Tadashi; Yamashita, Motoki; Kakehi, Yoshiyuki; Tsuchihashi, Kazunari; Sasaki, Miharu; Ishitoya, Satoshi; Onishi, Hiroyuki; Takahashi, Akira; Ogura, Keiji // Journal of Infection & Chemotherapy (Springer Science & Business;Dec2013, Vol. 19 Issue 6, p1093 

    We prospectively investigated the rates of incidence of surgical site infection (SSI), urinary tract infection (UTI), and remote infection (RI) in 4,677 patients who underwent urological surgery from January to December 2010, including 2,507 endourological cases, 1,276 clean cases, 807...

  • Trimethoprim reduced dysuria in women with symptoms of urinary tract infection but negative urine dipstick test results: COMMENTARY. Leibovici, Leonard // ACP Journal Club;Jan/Feb2006, Vol. 144 Issue 1, p1 

    This article focuses on a clinical study according to which the prevalence of urinary symptoms in women 40 to 60 years of age is about 30%, and the yearly incidence is 10%. To offer antibiotic treatment to a large proportion of symptomatic women regardless of urine findings would have staggering...

  • Dipstick Urinalysis Screening of Asymptomatic Adults for Urinary Tract Disorders. Pels, Richard J.; Bor, David H.; Woolhandler, Steffie; Himmelstein, David U.; Lawrence, Robert S. // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;9/1/89, Vol. 262 Issue 9, p1221 

    Evaluates the use of dipstick urinalysis screening for bacteriuria, which is associated with subsequent symptomatic urinary tract infection. Increase in predictive value when leukocyte esterase and nitrate dipstick tests are combined; Case where conventional antimicrobial regimens for...

  • Urinary tract infections in women. van Schoor, Jacky // South African Pharmaceutical Journal;2015, Vol. 82 Issue 7, p29 

    Symptoms suggestive of acute urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common reasons why women consult a health professional. Antimicrobial agents are usually prescribed for the treatment of symptomatic UTIs seen in clinical practice. However, the extensive use of antimicrobial agents for...

  • Food Reservoir for Escherichia coli Causing Urinary Tract Infections. Vincent, Caroline; Boerlin, Patrick; Daignault, Danielle; Dozois, Charles M.; Dutil, Lucie; Galanakis, Chrissi; Reid-Smith, Richard J.; Tellier, Pierre-Paul; Tellis, Patricia A.; Ziebell, Kim; Manges, Amee R. // Emerging Infectious Diseases;Jan2010, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p88 

    Closely related strains of Escherichia coli have been shown to cause extraintestinal infections in unrelated persons. This study tests whether a food reservoir may exist for these E. coli. Isolates from 3 sources over the same time period (2005-2007) and geographic area were compared. The...

  • 4 Bladder Questions. Crain, Esther // Cosmopolitan;Oct2005, Vol. 239 Issue 4, p260 

    This article presents some frequently asked questions and their answers related to urinary tract infections (UTI). It is informed that the two main symptoms of UTI are burning sensation while urinating and the constant urge to urinate. It is also informed that about 20 percent of women are prone...

  • Urinary tract infections in healthy women: a revolution in management? Del Mar, Chris // BMC Family Practice;2010, Vol. 11, p42 

    Background: Urinary infection in otherwise healthy women has largely been a straightforward matter of diagnosis by identifying bacteria in the urine, and then cure by appropriate antibiotics. Recent research has shown this to be oversimplified. Evaluation of methods of self-management of...

  • When are empiric antibiotics appropriate for urinary tract infection symptoms? DeAlleaume, Lauren; Tweed, Elizabeth M.; Bonacci, Robert // Journal of Family Practice;Apr2006, Vol. 55 Issue 4, p338 

    The article presents a response to the inquiry about when empiric antibiotics can be used to treat urinary tract infection (UTI) symptoms. Because no urinalysis result would significantly alter the high likelihood of UTI for healthy, nonpregnant women presenting with the triad of frequency,...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics