TITLE

Effects of structural memory in protein reactions

AUTHOR(S)
Barabash, Yu. M.; Berezetskaya, N. M.; Christophorov, L. N.; Goushcha, A. O.; Kharkyanen, V. N.
PUB. DATE
March 2002
SOURCE
Journal of Chemical Physics;3/8/2002, Vol. 116 Issue 10, p4339
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Specific effects of the coupling of protein reactions to slow protein structure dynamics are studied. We focus on accumulation of structural changes produced in consecutive protein cycles and eventually modifying the cycle itself. We showed previously [Christophorov et al., Chem. Phys. 256, 45 (2000); Goushcha et al., Biophys. J. 79, 1273 (2000)] that such an effective interaction between cycles can cause the thresholdlike emergence of a new stable functional state of the protein macromolecule. To elucidate this mechanism, we have performed numerical modeling of the reaction kinetics in a two-state system coupled to diffusion in the corresponding conformational potentials. Specifically, the model is related to the charge separation and recombination processes in photosynthetic reaction centers (RCs). It is shown that the percentage of RCs remaining structurally deformed after recombination, until the next photoexcitation event (“memory-bearing” centers), can be quite low. Nonetheless, under prolonged photoexcitation it is sufficient for driving eventually all the RCs to a state of high charge-separation efficiency. The dependence of this efficiency on quasistationary photoexcitation intensity is pronouncedly hysteretic. The conformation potentials anharmonicity extends the bistability range noticeably, thereby improving RC adaptation properties. Experimental protocols to detect the memory-bearing centers in the RC ensemble are proposed, simulated and tested, disqualifying the electron escape to hypothetical redox traps. The technique proposed can be used in the studies of cooperative effects under repeated cycling of biomolecules. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
ACCESSION #
6270611

 

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