Socio-demographic and lifestyle factors associated with overweight in a representative sample of 11-15 year olds in France: Results from the WHO-Collaborative Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) cross-sectional study

Dupuy, Marie; Godeau, Emmanuelle; Vignes, Céline; Ahluwalia, Namanjeet
January 2011
BMC Public Health;2011 Supplement 4, Vol. 11 Issue Suppl 4, p442
Academic Journal
Background: The prevalence of overweight in children and adolescents is high and overweight is associated with poor health outcomes over short- and long-term. Lifestyle factors can interact to influence overweight. Comprehensive studies linking overweight concomitantly with several demographic and potentially-modifiable lifestyle factors and health-risk behaviours are limited in adolescents - an age-group characterized by changes in lifestyle behaviours and high prevalence of overweight. Thus, the objective of the current study was to examine the association of overweight with several socio-demographic and lifestyle variables simultaneously in a representative sample of adolescents. Methods: A nationally representative sample of 11-15 year-olds (n = 7154) in France participated as part of the WHO-Collaborative Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. Students reported data on their age, height, weight, socio-demographic variables, lifestyle factors including nutrition practices, physical activity at two levels of intensity (moderate and vigorous), sedentary behaviours, as well as smoking and alcohol consumption patterns using standardized HBSC protocols. Overweight (including obesity) was defined using the IOTF reference. The multivariate association of overweight with several socio-demographic and lifestyle factors was examined with logistic regression models. Results: The adjusted odds ratios for the association with overweight were: 1.80 (95% CI: 1.37-2.36) for low family affluence; 0.73 (0.60-0.88) for eating breakfast daily; 0.69 (0.56-0.84) for moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA); and 0.71 (0.59-0.86) for vigorous physical activity (VPA). Significant interactions between age and gender as well as television (TV) viewing and gender were noted: for boys, overweight was not associated with age or TV viewing; in contrast, for girls overweight correlated negatively with age and positively with TV viewing. Fruit and vegetable intake, computer and video-games use, smoking and alcohol consumption were not associated with overweight. Conclusions: In multivariate model, family affluence, breakfast consumption and moderate to vigorous as well as vigorous physical activity were negatively associated with overweight. These findings extend previous research to a setting where multiple risk and protective factors were simultaneously examined and highlight the importance of


Related Articles

  • Overweight, physical activity, tobacco and alcohol consumption in a cross-sectional random sample of German adults. Haenle, Mark M.; Brockmann, Stefan O.; Kron, Martina; Bertling, Ursula; Mason, Richard A.; Steinbach, Gerald; Boehm, Bernhard O.; Wolfgang Koenig; Kern, Peter; Piechotowski, Isolde; Kratzer, Wolfgang // BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p233 

    Background: There is a current paucity of data on the health behaviour of non-selected populations in Central Europe. Data on health behaviour were collected as part of the EMIL study which investigated the prevalence of infection with Echinococcus multilocularis and other medical conditions in...

  • Personal Health Practices and Mortality among the Elderly. Branch, Laurence G.; Jette, Alan M. // American Journal of Public Health;Oct84, Vol. 74 Issue 10, p1126 

    Abstract: Research on young and middle-aged adults has demonstrated a correlation between certain personal health practices and reduced mortality, This investigation examines the generalizability of these findings to elders who have survived into their seventh and eighth decades. Using data from...

  • PREVENTION MEASURES.  // Sarasota Magazine;Jun2005, Vol. 27 Issue 9, p152 

    The article presents various preventive measures one should take against developing osteoporosis. The National Institutes of Health says that because the average woman acquires 98 percent of her bone mass by the age of 20, building strong bones in childhood and adolescence can be the best...

  • What makes the elderly resist lifestyle change even if it kills them? Taylor, Joe // Active Living;Jan2013, Vol. 22 Issue 1, p1 

    The article examines the health behavior of older people in Canada. It mentions that older people resist making changes in their lifestyle even if it threatens their lives as claimed from Statistics Canada's study. It notes that most people make decisions on what to eat based on the taste and...

  • A comparison of the consistency of self-reported behavioural change within a study sample postal versus home interviews. Amos, Amanda; Currie, CAndace; Hunt, Sonja // Health Education Research;Dec1991, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p479 

    The article presents a study which compares the consistency of self-reported health-related behavioral change. The five behaviors--diet, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, weight control and physical activity were validated by comparing reports obtained from the records of the a local...

  • Physical Activity and its Associations with other Lifestyle Elements in Polish Women. Nowak, Maria Alicja // Journal of Human Kinetics;Sep2011, Vol. 29, p161 

    The aim of the study was to determine associations between physical activity and other elements of women's lifestyle (nutrition, being a nonsmoker, moderate alcohol consumption, medical check-ups). Between 1999 and 2004, 1361 women aged 20-75 were studied. They were inhabitants of cities located...

  • Association between health behaviour and self-reported health in Estonia, Finland, Latvia and Lithuania. Kasmel, Anu; Helasoja, Ville; Lipand, Andrus; Prättälä, Ritva; Klumbiene, Jurate; Pudule, Iveta // European Journal of Public Health;Mar2004, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p32 

    Background: The aim of the present study is to examine the associations of the selected health behaviours (daily smoking, frequent strong alcohol use, consumption of fresh vegetables less than 3 days a week and leisure time physical activity less than two/three times a week) to the self-assessed...

  • The relationship between healthy behaviors and health outcomes among older adults in Russia. Selivanova, Anna; Cramm, Jane M. // BMC Public Health;2014, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p1 

    Background Worldwide, populations are aging and the health of elderly individuals is deteriorating. Healthy habits may slow the process of health deterioration, but research investigating relationships between health and various health behaviors is lacking. This study aimed to investigate the...

  • Relationship of moderate alcohol intake and type of beverage with health behaviors and quality of life in elderly subjects. González-Rubio, Elizabeth; San Mauro, Ismael; López-Ruíz, Cristina; Díaz-Prieto, Ligia; Marcos, Ascensión; Nova, Esther; González-Rubio, Elizabeth; López-Ruíz, Cristina; Díaz-Prieto, Ligia E; Marcos, Ascensión // Quality of Life Research;Aug2016, Vol. 25 Issue 8, p1931 

    Purpose: This work was aimed to study the relationships of moderate alcohol intake and the type of beverages consumed with health behaviors and quality of life in elderly people.Methods: In this observational study, 231 subjects (55-85 years) voluntarily answering to...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics