Safety during the monitoring of diabetic patients: trial teaching course on health professionals and diabetics - SEGUDIAB study

Cabré, Juan J.; Ripoll, Marta; Hernández, Josep M.; Basora, Josep; Bejarano, Ferran; Arija, Victoria
January 2011
BMC Public Health;2011 Supplement 4, Vol. 11 Issue Suppl 4, p430
Academic Journal
Background: Safety for diabetic patients means providing the most suitable treatment for each type of diabetic in order to improve monitoring and to prevent the adverse effects of drugs and complications arising from the disease. The aim of this study is to analyze the effect of imparting educational interventions to health professionals regarding the safety of patients with Diabetes Mellitus (DM). Methods: Design: A cluster randomized trial with a control group. Setting and sample: The study analyzed ten primary healthcare centres (PHC) covering approximately 150,000 inhabitants. Two groups of 5 PHC were selected on the basis of their geographic location (urban, semi-urban and rural), their socio-economic status and the size of their PHC, The interventions and control groups were assigned at random. The study uses computerized patient records to individually assess subjects aged 45 to 75 diagnosed with type 1 and type 2 DM, who met the inclusion conditions and who had the variables of particular interest to the study. Trial: The educational interventions consisted of a standardized teaching course aimed at doctors and nurses. The course lasted 6 hours and was split into three 2-hour blocks with subsequent monthly refresher courses. Measurement: For the health professionals, the study used the Diabetes Attitude Scale (DAS-3) to assess their attitudes and motivation when monitoring diabetes. For the patients, the study assessed factors related to their degree of control over the disease at onset, 6, 12 and 24 months. Main variables: levels of HbA1c. Analysis: The study analyzed the effect of the educational interventions both on the attitudes and motivations of health professionals and on the degree of control over the diabetes in both groups. Discussion: Imparting educational interventions to health professionals would improve the monitoring of diabetic patients. The most effective model involves imparting the course to both doctors and nurses. However, these models have not been tested on our Spanish population within the framework of primary healthcare.


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