Health differentials in the older population of England: An empirical comparison of the materialist, lifestyle and psychosocial hypotheses

Ploubidis, George B.; DeStavola, Bianca L.; Grundy, Emily
January 2011
BMC Public Health;2011 Supplement 4, Vol. 11 Issue Suppl 4, p390
Academic Journal
Background: In developed countries with old age structures most deaths occur at older ages and older people account for the majority of those in poor health, which suggests a particular need to investigate health inequalities in the older population. Methods: We empirically compared the materialist, psychosocial and lifestyle/behavioural theoretical mechanisms of explanation for socio-economic variation in health using data from two waves of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA), a nationally representative multi-purpose sample of the population aged 50 and over living in England. Three dimensions of health were examined: somatic health, depression and well-being. Results: The materialist and lifestyle/behavioural paths had the most prominent mediating role in the association between socio-economic position and health in the older population, whereas the psychosocial pathway was less influential and exerted most of its influence on depression and well-being, with part of its effect being due to the availability of material resources. Conclusions: From a policy perspective there is therefore an indication that population interventions to reduce health differentials and thus improve the overall health of the older population should focus on material circumstances and population based interventions to promote healthy lifestyles.


Related Articles

  • Living longer may not mean people can work longer. Casey, Bernard // Employee Benefits;10/1/2015, p27 

    The article presents the author's views on compensation strategies for aging workforce in Great Britain.

  • Das Rentensystem in Rum�nien. Badau, Constantin // Zeitschrift f�r Sozialreform;okt1970, Vol. 16 Issue 10, p599 

    The article focuses on the introduction of a pension system in Romania that went into effect on January 1, 1967. Goals of the system include accommodating pension levels to the progress made in the national economy as well as to contribute to the material interest of wage earners. A historical...

  • Put Social Security out of our misery. Epstein, Alex // Business Journal Serving Fresno & the Central San Joaquin Valley;8/19/2005, Issue 323441, p23 

    Focuses on the author's views and insights about concerns regarding the old age program imposed by the Social Security in the U.S. Necessity of some form of mandatory government-run retirement program; Observation that Social Security's wholesale harm to those who would use their income...

  • Forderungen an die Sozialpolitik. Schäfer, Egon // Zeitschrift für Sozialreform;mai1981, Vol. 27 Issue 5, p317 

    The author discusses the financial situation of pension insurance in West Germany and examines problems vis à vis old age insurance. Issues raised focused on diminished benefits promised to workers and on expenditures for pension related costs. The author contends that the standards for...

  • Help a loved one, pass the mouse this Thanksgiving Day. Pavletich, Jim // Inside Tucson Business;11/23/2009, Vol. 19 Issue 25, p16 

    The article offers ways on how to help a loved one during Thanksgiving Day in Tucson, Arizona. It suggests asking relatives to pass the computer mouse and show them how easy it is for them to conduct social security business online in home and in the office. It also presents questions and...

  • DEFERRED PLEASURES. Vaux, Gary // Community Care;3/31/2005, Issue 1566, p37 

    Supports the rule making pension deferment more favorable for older people in Great Britain. Computation of the interests added to a deferred pension; Persons who would benefit more from the scheme; Taxation issue involved in pension deferment.

  • Why Do People Retire?...  // Journal of Financial Planning;Jul2003, Vol. 16 Issue 7, p21 

    The article deals with a survey by the National Council on the Aging to determine the important reason or reasons people decided to retire. The biggest reason was qualifying for Social Security. Other reasons are accumulated savings, family reasons and pressure from employer. Among those over...

  • Fear of Elimination of Social Security Could Boost Mutual Fund Flows. Barney, Lee // Money Management Executive;11/26/2007, Vol. 15 Issue 45, p3 

    The article provides information related to social security. The author relates that more senior citizens in the U.S. depend on social security. Wealthy investors are also partially dependent on social security. According to survey, less than 20% of those under the age of 55 think that social...

  • Hidden catch to council tax bonus?  // Community Care;4/8/2004, Issue 1517, p8 

    Reports on a delay of the release of pensions for older people in Great Britain in 2004.

  • Soziale Sicherheit, Sozialdienste und Sozialunterstützung für Betagte in der Türkei. Sakdur, Hadan // Zeitschrift für Sozialreform;nov1977, Vol. 23 Issue 11, p654 

    The article focuses on social services for older people in Turkey. In particular, services such as welfare benefits and social security are examined. Problems with the social support system are considered, highlighting a lack of social funds across the board and inflation as main difficulties....


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics