Hospitalizations for varicella in children and adolescents in a referral hospital in Hong Kong, 2004 to 2008: A time series study

Chan, Johnny Y. C.; Tian, Linwei; Kwan, Y. W.; Chan, W. M.; Leung, C. W.
January 2011
BMC Public Health;2011 Supplement 4, Vol. 11 Issue Suppl 4, p366
Academic Journal
Background: Varicella accounts for significant morbidities and remains a public health issue worldwide. Climatic factors have been shown to associate with the incidence and transmission of various infectious diseases. We describe the epidemiology of varicella in paediatric patients hospitalized at a tertiary referral hospital in Hong Kong from 2004 to 2008, and to explore the possible association between the occurrence of varicella infection and various climatic factors. Methods: The hospital discharge database of Princess Margaret Hospital was retrospectively analyzed for admissions associated with varicella from 2004 to 2008. Meteorological data were obtained from the monthly meteorological reports from the Hong Kong Observatory website. Time series analysis was performed with Poisson regression using a Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) approach. Results: During the study period, 598 children were hospitalized for varicella. The mean age on admission was 57.6 months, and the mean duration of hospitalization was 3.7 days. The overall complication rate was 47%. The mean monthly relative humidity, especially in cool seasons, was inversely correlated with the monthly varicella cases of the same month. Conclusions: Varicella can lead to serious complications and prolonged hospitalization, even in previously healthy children. Lower relative humidity in cool seasons is associated with higher number of paediatric varicella hospital admissions. These findings are useful for a better understanding of the pattern of paediatric varicella hospitalization in Hong Kong.


Related Articles

  • Varicella vaccination significantly lowered hospitalization rates during 2000 to 2006. Henry, Jennifer; Volansky, Rob // Infectious Disease News;Dec2010, Vol. 23 Issue 12, p15 

    The article reports on a decrease in varicella-related hospitalization rates in children between 2000 and 2006.

  • The epidemiology and economic impact of varicella-related hospitalizations in Turkey from 2008 to 2010: a nationwide survey during the pre-vaccine era (VARICOMP study). Dinleyici, Ener; Kurugol, Zafer; Turel, Ozden; Hatipoglu, Nevin; Devrim, Ilker; Agin, Hasan; Gunay, Ilker; Yasa, Olcay; Erguven, Muferet; Bayram, Nuri; Kizildemir, Ali; Alhan, Emre; Kocabas, Emine; Tezer, Hasan; Aykan, H.; Dalgic, Nazan; Kilic, Betul; Sensoy, Gulnar; Belet, Nursen; Kulcu, Nihan // European Journal of Pediatrics;May2012, Vol. 171 Issue 5, p817 

    Varicella can cause complications that are potentially serious and require hospitalization. Our current understanding of the causes and incidence of varicella-related hospitalization in Turkey is limited and sufficiently accurate epidemiological and economical information is lacking. The aim of...

  • Modelling the Effects of Population Structure on Childhood Disease: The Case of Varicella. Silhol, Romain; Boëlle, Pierre-Yves // PLoS Computational Biology;Jul2011, Vol. 7 Issue 7, p1 

    Realistic, individual-based models based on detailed census data are increasingly used to study disease transmission. Whether the rich structure of such models improves predictions is debated. This is studied here for the spread of varicella, a childhood disease, in a realistic population of...

  • Ulceroglandular tularemia in a toddler in Germany after a mosquito bite. Hanke, Christof A.; Otten, Joerg-Elard; Berner, Reinhard; Serr, Annerose; Splettstoesser, Wolf; von Schnakenburg, Christian // European Journal of Pediatrics;Aug2009, Vol. 168 Issue 8, p937 

    Introduction: Although tularemia is a long-known disease, its significance had diminished over the last decades in Middle Europe. However, over the past years, there is new evidence suggesting that tularemia has re-emerged in Germany. In 2007, the highest number of human cases for...

  • Lokalize Herpes Zoster Maruziyeti Sonrası SuçiçeÄŸi. Yılmaz Çiftdoğan, Dilek // Journal of Pediatric Infection / Cocuk Enfeksiyon Dergisi;Dec2014, Vol. 8 Issue 4, following p205 

    No abstract available.

  • Seeing spots. Grill, Yolande // Homeopathy Today;Apr2003, Vol. 23 Issue 4, p28 

    Discusses three cases of chicken pox in children. Eruption of chicken pox on the genitals; Occurrence of chicken pox with high fever; Complaints on pains in the back and in joints of arms and hands; Administration of Rhus tox.

  • SICK-KID DECODER. HOCHWALD, LAMBETH // Parenting School Years;Feb2013, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p21 

    The article offers information on several childhood diseases including impetigo, strep throat, and chicken pox.

  • Fatal varicella in a 5-year-old boy. Banzhoff, A.; Schauer, U.; Riedel, F.; Gahr, M.; Rieger, C. H. L. // European Journal of Pediatrics;1997, Vol. 156 Issue 4, p333 

    Describes the case of a five-year-old boy with varicella. Case history; Clinical findings; Diagnosis; Evidence for abnormal antibody formation; Treatment.

  • The rash that isn't chicken pox.  // Redbook;Apr95, Vol. 184 Issue 6, p190 

    Reports on the symptoms and management for chicken pox in children. Chicken pox as a mild viral infection.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics