Body weight, weight perceptions and food intake patterns. A cross-sectional study among male recruits in the Norwegian National Guard

Uglem, Solveig; Stea, Tonje H.; Frølich, Wenche; Wandel, Margareta
January 2011
BMC Public Health;2011 Supplement 4, Vol. 11 Issue Suppl 4, p343
Academic Journal
Background: Young men tend to have a low intake of vegetables and fruit. Unfortunately, this group is difficult to reach with health information. Furthermore, knowledge about weight perceptions and the relationship to food behaviour among young men is scant. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between BMI, health and weight perceptions and food intake patterns among young men in the military. Methods: Data were collected with a 4-day food diary among 578 male recruits (age 18-26, mean 19.7) in the Norwegian National Guard (response rate 78%), in addition to a questionnaire, including questions about health and weight perceptions, and food frequency when still living at home. Weight and height were objectively measured. Food patterns were explored with principal component analysis, based on the diary data. A multivariate linear regression analysis determined the association between BMI and food patterns, and attitudes to health and slenderness, adjusting for smoking, physical activity and phase of data collection. Results: Twenty eight percent of the recruits were overweight/obese (BMI > 25 kg/m²). Two-thirds meant that it is important for them to be slender, and these recruits reported more of both light (p = 0.025) and hard (p = 0.016) physical activity than the others. It was a positive association between the recruits' food frequency at home, and the amount of intake in the military camp for several food items. A principal component analysis identified three distinct food patterns, loading on 1) plant foods, 2) fast food/soft drinks, 3) milk/cereals. Those who stated that it is important for them to be slender, or to have good health, did not have significantly different food intake patterns than the others. BMI was inversely related to scores on the plant food pattern, and positive attitudes to slenderness. Conclusion: The majority of the recruits find it important to be slender. This orientation had a bearing on their physical activity pattern, but less on the food intake pattern. The data also indicate that subjects with high intakes of plant foods were less likely to have a high BMI than others. It is important to raise awareness of healthy eating in young men.


Related Articles

  • BMI of Interviewer Effects. Eisinga, Rob; te Grotenhuis, Manfred; Larsen, Junilla K.; Pelzer, Ben; van Strien, Tatjana // International Journal of Public Opinion Research;Winter2011, Vol. 23 Issue 4, p530 

    The article discusses a study which explored the impact of interviewer body mass index (BMI) on responses to eating and weight control questions using data from a 2005 Dutch survey. It cites social desirability as the usual explanation for interviewer effects. There is a tendency among survey...

  • The Association of Restrained Eating With Weight Change Over Time in a Community-Based Sample of Twins. Schur, Ellen A.; Heckbert, Susan R.; Goldberg, Jack H. // Obesity (19307381);Jun2010, Vol. 18 Issue 6, p1146 

    We investigated the association of restrained eating with BMI and weight gain while controlling for the influence of genes and shared environment. Participants were 1,587 twins enrolled in the University of Washington Twin Registry (UWTR). Restrained eating was assessed by the Herman and Polivy...

  • Trends in the distribution of body mass index among Chinese adults, aged 20-45 years (1989-2000). Wang, H.; Du, S.; Zhai, F.; Popkin, B. M. // International Journal of Obesity;Feb2007, Vol. 31 Issue 2, p272 

    Objective: To describe body mass index (BMI, in kg/m(2)) distribution patterns and trends among Chinese adults, aged 20-45 years (1989-2000).Design: A descriptive, population-based study of BMI change.Setting: Chinese provinces (eight in 1989 and 1997; nine...

  • Weight Management in Patients on Peritoneal Dialysis. Stall, Sharon; Brommage, Deborah // Nephrology Nursing Journal;Jul/Aug2006, Vol. 33 Issue 4, p459 

    The article focuses on weight management strategies for patients with peritoneal dialysis. The nutrition component of a weight management program for peritoneal dialysis patients are mentioned. The standard body weight is used to calculate energy requirements. The need for health care...

  • Pro 1 2Ala Polymorphism of the PPARγ2 Locus Modulates the Relationship Between Energy Intake and Body Weight in Type 2 Diabetic Patients. Vaccaro, Olga; Lapice, Emanuela; Monticelli, Antonella; Giacchetti, Manuela; Castaldo, Imma; Galasso, Rocco; Pinelli, Michele; Donnarumma, Giovanna; Rivellese, Angela A.; Cocozza, Sergio; Riccardi, Gabriele // Diabetes Care;May2007, Vol. 30 Issue 5, p1156 

    OBJECTIVE -- We explore the relationship among BMI, habitual diet, and the Pro 12Ala polymorphism in the peroxisome proliferator--activated receptor (PPAR)γ2. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS -- The Pro 12Ala variant was characterized in 343 unrelated type 2 diabetic patients who were...

  • EXCESS WEIGHT LINKED TO CHILDHOOD CAVITIES.  // Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA);May2006, Vol. 137 Issue 5, p592 

    The article highlights the results of a study on the link of excess weight to childhood cavities. The study included sex, age, height and body weight at the time of treatment. Body weight is assessed using the body mass index for age, which takes into account childhood growth patterns. The...

  • Body dissatisfaction in female adolescents: extent and correlates. Schneider, Sven; Weiß, Melanie; Thiel, Ansgar; Werner, Anne; Mayer, Jochen; Hoffmann, Holger; Diehl, Katharina // European Journal of Pediatrics;Mar2013, Vol. 172 Issue 3, p373 

    This study aimed to assess the extent, patterns, and predictors of feelings of body dissatisfaction experienced by female German adolescents. Using 3D-avatar software, a sample population of 144 girls between 14 and 17 years of age was asked to estimate their actual body image, their desired...

  • Psychometric Properties of Spanish Version of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R18 (Tfeq-Sp) and Its Relationship with Some Eating- and Body Image-Related Variables. Jáuregui-Lobera, Ignacio; García-Cruz, Patricia; Carbonero-Carreño, Rocío; Magallares, Alejandro; Ruiz-Prieto, Inmaculada // Nutrients;2014, Vol. 6 Issue 12, p5619 

    The aims of this study were to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R18 (TFEQ-SP), as well as determine its validity by evaluating the relationship of the TFEQ-SP with different parameters related to body mass index, weight...

  • BMI.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p293 

    An encyclopedia entry for "BMI," which refers to body mass index, is presented.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics