Changing patterns of tobacco consumption in Mozambique: evidence from a migrant study

Lunet, Nuno; Araújo, Carla; Silva-Matos, Carla; Damasceno, Albertino; Gouveia, Lídia; Azevedo, Ana
January 2011
BMC Public Health;2011 Supplement 4, Vol. 11 Issue Suppl 4, p322
Academic Journal
Background: Maputo, the Mozambique capital, contrasts with the rest of the country with regard to its sociodemographic characteristics and patterns of tobacco exposure. We conducted a migrant study to compare the prevalence of manufactured-cigarette smoking and traditional forms of tobacco use among dwellers in the capital who were also born in Maputo City (MC/MC) with those born in southern (SP/MC) and northern (NP/MC) provinces, and additionally with inhabitants in the latter regions. Methods: In 2003, a representative sample of 12,902 Mozambicans aged 25-64 years was evaluated. We computed age- and education-adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) with 95%-confidence intervals (95%CI) using Poisson regression. Results: The prevalence of any type of tobacco consumption among Maputo City inhabitants born in other provinces contrasted with the pattern observed in locally born inhabitants (SP/MC vs. MC/MC: men, PR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.44-0.85; women, PR, 0.38, 95%CI, 0.18-0.79; NP/MC vs. MC/MC: men, PR, 0.66; 95%CI, 0.34-1.29; women, PR, 4.56, 95%CI, 1.78-11.69); the prevalence among city inhabitants born in other provinces resembled the pattern seen in inhabitants of their provinces of origin. Traditional forms of tobacco consumption among men were rare in Maputo City, which is in stark contrast to the situation in other provinces. Conclusions: Cultural background, affordability, and availability of different types of tobacco in urban Mozambique need to be considered when developing strategies to control the tobacco epidemic.


Related Articles

  • Epidemiological evidence on count processes in the formation of tobacco dependence. Barondess, David A.; Meyer, Emily M.; Boinapally, Prashanthi M.; Fairman, Brian; Anthony, James C. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Jul2010, Vol. 12 Issue 7, p734 

    Introduction: Large-sample epidemiological studies of tobacco cigarette smoking routinely assess so-called "lifetime prevalence" of tobacco dependence. This work delves into the earliest stages of smoking involvement, focusing on newly incident tobacco cigarette smokers in the very recent past,...

  • Stamping Out Smoking in the U.S.  // Scholastic News -- Edition 4;11/15/2000, Vol. 63 Issue 9, p3 

    Presents a graphical representation on the percentage of smoking in the United States from 1965 to 1995.

  • Genetic influences on smoking: candidate genes Rossing, Mary Anne // Environmental Health Perspectives;May1998, Vol. 106 Issue 5, p231 

    No abstract available.

  • Reducing tobacco harm: Research challenges and issues. Hatsukami, Dorothy K.; Slade, John; Benowitz, Neal L.; Giovino, Gary A.; Gritz, Ellen R.; Leischow, Scott; Warner, Kenneth E. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Dec2002 Supplement 2, Vol. 4, p89 

    The emergence of potential reduced-exposure tobacco and cigarette-like products and the reduction of smoking as a treatment approach, have recently been forcing the debate and discussion about the science that is necessary to inform policies, regulation, and programs. To deal effectively with...

  • Evaluating acute effects of potential reduced-exposure products for smokers: Clinical laboratory methodology. Breland, Alison B.; Buchhalter, August R.; Evans, Sarah E.; Eissenberg, Thomas // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Dec2002 Supplement 2, Vol. 4, p131 

    Harm reduction for tobacco smokers may involve reducing their exposure to lethal smoke constituents. Assessing smoke constituent exposure and any resulting harm reduction from a potential reduced-exposure product (PREP) will involve preclinical, clinical, and epidemiological research. The...

  • A DO or DIE Decision. Sparling, Polly // Current Health 1;Nov2008, Vol. 32 Issue 3, p9 

    The article explores several factors that influence young people's decision to smoke or not to smoke.

  • Cigar smoking: Now even kids are doing it! E.B. // Medical Update;Sep97, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p6 

    Reports on the increasing trend of cigar smoking among American teenagers. Absence of government warning in cigar's package; Comparison of cancer risks for cigar smokers and non smokers.

  • Up in Smoke. Lambrinos, Pat // Scholastic News -- Senior Edition;05/14/2001, Vol. 69 Issue 26, p6 

    Discusses several ways kids can avoid smoking.

  • Worldwide trend: Tobacco use grows. Scherer, Ron // Christian Science Monitor;7/17/96, Vol. 88 Issue 162, p1 

    Reports on the spread of smoking worldwide, particularly in Asia. Estimated number of male and female smokers; Expected mortality rates from smoking-related illnesses; Successes of the anti-tobacco campaign; Efforts to ban smoking advertisement in Canada; Political activities of tobacco...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics