TITLE

Nicotine Dependence among Rural-Urban Migrants in China

AUTHOR(S)
Junqing Wu; Tingzhong Yang; Rockett, Ian R. H.; Rui Xing; Karalic, Sejla; Yuyan Li; Yufeng Zhang
PUB. DATE
January 2011
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2011 Supplement 4, Vol. 11 Issue Suppl 4, p296
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: The complex mechanism of nicotine dependency makes it challenging to evaluate dependence or progress towards dependence. The aim of this study was to estimate nicotine dependence levels and identify determinants of dependence among Chinese rural-urban migrants. Methods: Multi-stage systematic sampling was used to select 4,198 rural-urban migrants aged 18 years or older from three metropolises in China. A structured questionnaire was administered during face-to-face interviews. Nicotine dependence among participants was assessed by means of the six-item Mandarin Chinese Version of the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (CFTND). Determinants of dependence were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA). Results: Among 4,198 participants, estimated current, daily, and occasional smoking rates were 28.3%, 21.2%, and 7.1%, respectively. The CTFND score for the 894 daily smokers was 3.39(SD: 2.32). MANOVA showed that work type, age at first migration, length of migration, and number of cities ever lived were associated with nicotine dependence. Conclusion: A migratory lifestyle is associated with nicotine dependence. Results could inform the design of tobacco control programs that target Chinese rural-urban migrant workers as a special at-risk population.
ACCESSION #
62662490

 

Related Articles

  • A comparison of self-report measures of nicotine dependence among male drug/alcohol-dependent cigarette smokers. Burling, Andrea Seidner; Burling, Thomas A. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Oct2003, Vol. 5 Issue 5, p625 

    This study examined the psychometric properties and validity of the Fagerstr�m Tolerance Questionnaire (FTQ), the Fagerstr�m Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND), and the Heaviness of Smoking Index (HSI) when used as self-report measures of nicotine dependence among male...

  • A multidimensional model for characterizing tobacco dependence. Hudmon, Karen Suchanek; Marks, Judith L.; Pomerleau, Cynthia S.; Bolt, Daniel M.; Brigham, Janet; Swan, Gary E. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Oct2003, Vol. 5 Issue 5, p655 

    The standard tool for assessing tobacco dependence is the Fagerstr�m Tolerance Questionnaire (FTQ) or its more recent variant, the Fagerstr�m Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND). Although both of these scales reportedly assess physiological dependence on nicotine, they might not tap...

  • Evaluation of the Chinese versions of the Minnesota Nicotine Withdrawal Scale and the Questionnaire on Smoking Urges-Brief. Yu, Xin; Xiao, Dan; Li, Bing; Liu, Ya; Wang, Guangfa; Chen, Jian; Bai, Chunxue; Pan, Jue; Wan, Huanying; Li, Qingyun; Zhou, Xin; Liao, Ruomin; Li, Qiang; Wang, Changhui; Chen, Rongchang; Tang, Yan; Mo, Hongying; Zhao, Min; Du, Jiang; Li, Jing // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Jun2010, Vol. 12 Issue 6, p630 

    Objectives:: To evaluate the reliability and validity of the Chinese versions of Minnesota Nicotine Withdrawal Scale and Questionnaire on Smoking Urges-Brief (MNWS-C and QSU-Brief-C) in Chinese smokers.

  • Nicotine Dependence among Rural-Urban Migrants in China. Junqing Wu; Tingzhong Yang; Rockett, Ian R. H.; Rui Xing; Karalic, Sejla; Yuyan Li; Yufeng Zhang // BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p296 

    Background: The complex mechanism of nicotine dependency makes it challenging to evaluate dependence or progress towards dependence. The aim of this study was to estimate nicotine dependence levels and identify determinants of dependence among Chinese rural-urban migrants. Methods: Multi-stage...

  • The Wisconsin Predicting Patients' Relapse questionnaire. Bolt, Daniel M.; Piper, Megan E.; McCarthy, Danielle E.; Japuntich, Sandra J.; Fiore, Michael C.; Smith, Stevens S.; Baker, Timothy B. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;May2009, Vol. 11 Issue 5, p481 

    Introduction:: Relapse is the most common smoking cessation outcome. Accurate prediction of relapse likelihood could be an important clinical tool used to influence treatment selection or duration. The aim of this research was to develop a brief clinical relapse proneness questionnaire to be...

  • Tobacco Craving Questionnaire: Reliability and validity of a new multifactorial instrument. Heishman, Stephen J.; Singleton, Edward G.; Moolchan, Eric T. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Oct2003, Vol. 5 Issue 5, p645 

    This study documented the initial reliability and validity of the Tobacco Craving Questionnaire (TCQ), a new multidimensional questionnaire to assess tobacco craving. Current cigarette smokers ( n =213) not attempting to reduce or quit smoking completed the 47-item TCQ and other forms assessing...

  • Determinants of serum cotinine and hair cotinine as biomarkers of childhood secondhand smoke exposure. KALKBRENNER, AMY E.; HORNUNG, RICHARD W.; BERNERT, JOHN T.; HAMMOND, S. KATHERINE; BRAUN, JOE M.; LANPHEAR, BRUCE P. // Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology;Nov/Dec2010, Vol. 20 Issue 7, p615 

    Understanding the determinants of childhood secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure is important in measuring and preventing exposure to this widespread environmental contaminant. We evaluated the ability of a broad set of factors to explain variability in serum cotinine, reflecting recent exposure, and...

  • Nicotine use in patients with schizophrenia evaluated by the Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire: a descriptive analysis from a Brazilian sample. Chaves, Leonardo; Shirakawa, Itiro // Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria;dez2008, Vol. 30 Issue 4, p350 

    Objective: This is a descriptive study to determine smoking prevalence rates in a convenience sample of patients with schizophrenia and to describe clinical/demographic variables for nicotine use in this population. Method: Patients with schizophrenia were consecutively invited to answer a...

  • Do sports clubs promote snuff use? Trends among Finnish boys between 1981 and 1991. Karvonen, J. S.; Rimpelä, A. H.; Rimpelä, M. // Health Education Research;Jun1995, Vol. 10 Issue 2, p147 

    The article presents a research that analyzes the relationship between snuff use and physical activity, especially that organized by sports clubs, between 1981-1991 in Finland-based adolescents during a 10-year period. Boys between 16 and 18 years old were studied in a biannual Adolescent Health...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics