TITLE

Substance use and dietary practices among students attending alternative high schools: results from a pilot study

AUTHOR(S)
Arcan, Chrisa; Kubik, Martha Y.; Fulkerson, Jayne A.; Hannan, Peter J.; Story, Mary
PUB. DATE
January 2011
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2011 Supplement 4, Vol. 11 Issue Suppl 4, p263
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Substance use and poor dietary practices are prevalent among adolescents. The purpose of this study was to examine frequency of substance use and associations between cigarette, alcohol and marijuana use and selected dietary practices, such as sugar-sweetened beverages, high-fat foods, fruits and vegetables, and frequency of fast food restaurant use among alternative high school students. Associations between multisubstance use and the same dietary practices were also examined. Methods: A convenience sample of adolescents (n = 145; 61% minority, 52% male) attending six alternative high schools in the St Paul/Minneapolis metropolitan area completed baseline surveys. Students were participants in the Team COOL (Controlling Overweight and Obesity for Life) pilot study, a group randomized obesity prevention pilot trial. Mixed model multivariate analyses procedures were used to assess associations of interest. Results: Daily cigarette smoking was reported by 36% of students. Cigarette smoking was positively associated with consumption of regular soda (p = 0.019), high-fat foods (p = 0.037), and fast food restaurant use (p = 0.002). Alcohol (p = 0.005) and marijuana use (p = 0.035) were positively associated with high-fat food intake. With increasing numbers of substances, a positive trend was observed in high-fat food intake (p = 0.0003). There were no significant associations between substance use and fruit and vegetable intake. Conclusions: Alternative high school students who use individual substances as well as multiple substances may be at high risk of unhealthful dietary practices. Comprehensive health interventions in alternative high schools have the potential of reducing health-compromising behaviors that are prevalent among this group of students. This study adds to the limited research examining substance use and diet among at-risk youth.
ACCESSION #
62661261

 

Related Articles

  • Geography Influences Dietary Intake, Physical Activity and Weight Status of Adolescents. Downs, Shauna M.; Fraser, Shawn N.; Storey, Kate E.; Forbes, Laura E.; Spence, John C.; Plotnikoff, Ronald C.; Raine, Kim D.; Hanning, Rhona M.; McCargar, Linda J. // Journal of Nutrition & Metabolism;2012, p1 

    Purpose. The purpose of this study was to assess rural and urban differences in the dietary intakes, physical activity levels and weight status of a large sample of Canadian youth in both 2005 and 2008. Materials and Methods. A cross-sectional study of rural and urban adolescents (n = 10, 023)...

  • Hot summer hoops action. Evans, Howie // New York Amsterdam News;8/5/2004, Vol. 95 Issue 35, p46 

    This article presents information on various basketball tournaments being played in New York City. More teenagers play team basketball in the spring and summer than in their respective high schools. On Saturday, August 14. The annual National Pro-Am Basketball Classic will see a number of NBA...

  • Bigger, Stronger, Faster. Holliday, Heather // Scholastic Scope;3/25/2002, Vol. 50 Issue 14, p15 

    Debates on the use of dietary supplements for high school athletes in the U.S. Popularity of ephedrine and creatine supplements; Improvement of athletic performance, speed, weight loss and energy; Possible effects of seizures, strokes and heart attacks.

  • The use of dietary supplements in a group of potentially elite secondary school athletes. Crowley, J. J.; Wall, C. // Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition;2004 Supplement, Vol. 13, pS39 

    Background - Athletes, concerned with goals of maximising performance and fearful of losing their competitive edge, have been targeted as a significant consumer group for vitamin and mineral supplements. The reasons for athletes supplement use fall into three areas: to compensate for less than...

  • The TRUTH About Diet Supplements. Chapman, Jen // Current Health 2;Nov2006, Vol. 33 Issue 3, p16 

    The article warns teenagers about taking diet supplements.

  • THE INFLUENCE OF SIGNIFICANT OTHERS ON ATTITUDES, SUBJECTIVE NORMS AND INTENTIONS REGARDING DIETARY SUPPLEMENT USE AMONG ADOLESCENT ATHLETES. Eddy, James M.; Wang, Min Qi; Perko, Michael A.; Bartee, R. Todd; Dunn, Michael S.; Nagy, Steve // Adolescence;Fall2001, Vol. 36 Issue 143, p583 

    Presents a study which assessed the influence of significant others on attitudes, subjective norms and intentions regarding dietary supplement use among adolescent athletes. Methods; Results; Discussion.

  • Dietary supplements.  // Scholastic Choices;Jan99, Vol. 14 Issue 4, p5 

    Identifies problems in using dietary supplements. Testing of dietary supplements; Use of dietary supplements by teenagers; Ingredients of dietary supplements.

  • Easy As ABC? Aase, Sara // Current Health 2;Sep2007, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p15 

    The article addresses the question of whether dietary supplements benefit teenagers.

  • Adolescent Contraceptive Use: Comparisons of Male and Female Attitudes and Information. Freeman, Ellen W.; Rickels, Karl; Huggins, George R.; Mudd, Emily H.; Garcia, Celso-Ramon; Dickens, Hulen O. // American Journal of Public Health;Aug1980, Vol. 70 Issue 8, p790 

    Abstract: Information and attitudes about contraception and pregnancy were assessed with a self-administered questionnaire in a sample of urban Black teenagers, Data were obtained from 607 male and female students in high school health classes and a demographically similar group of 123...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics