Non-specific psychological distress, smoking status and smoking cessation: United States National Health Interview Survey 2005

Lawrence, David; Mitrou, Francis; Zubrick, Stephen R.
January 2011
BMC Public Health;2011 Supplement 4, Vol. 11 Issue Suppl 4, p256
Academic Journal
Background: It is well established that smoking rates in people with common mental disorders such as anxiety or depressive disorders are much higher than in people without mental disorders. It is less clear whether people with these mental disorders want to quit smoking, attempt to quit smoking or successfully quit smoking at the same rate as people without such disorders. Methods: We used data from the 2005 Cancer Control Supplement to the United States National Health Interview Survey to explore the relationship between psychological distress as measured using the K6 scale and smoking cessation, by comparing current smokers who had tried unsuccessfully to quit in the previous 12 months to people able to quit for at least 7 to 24 months prior to the survey. We also used data from the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing to examine the relationship between psychological distress (K6) scores and duration of mental illness. Results: The majority of people with high K6 psychological distress scores also meet diagnostic criteria for mental disorders, and over 90% of these people had first onset of mental disorder more than 2 years prior to the survey. We found that people with high levels of non-specific psychological distress were more likely to be current smokers. They were as likely as people with low levels of psychological distress to report wanting to quit smoking, trying to quit smoking, and to have used smoking cessation aids. However, they were significantly less likely to have quit smoking. Conclusions: The strong association between K6 psychological distress scores and mental disorders of long duration suggests that the K6 measure is a useful proxy for ongoing mental health problems. As people with anxiety and depressive disorders make up a large proportion of adult smokers in the US, attention to the role of these disorders in smoking behaviours may be a useful area of further investigation for tobacco control.


Related Articles

  • Moving towards a population health approach to the primary prevention of common mental disorders. Jacka, Felice N.; Mykletun, Arnstein; Berk, Michael // BMC Medicine;2012, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p149 

    There is a need for the development of effective universal preventive approaches to the common mental disorders, depression and anxiety, at a population level. Poor diet, physical inactivity and smoking have long been recognized as key contributors to the high prevalence noncommunicable...

  • Anxiety Disorders for Professionals.  // Anxiety Disorders for Professionals;6/1/2000, p1 

    Presents a list of scientific resources on anxiety disorders. General anxiety disorders; Panic disorder; Obsessive-compulsive disorder; Post-traumatic stress disorder; Phobias; Generalized anxiety disorder.

  • Anxiety worsens well-being of medically ill patients.  // Behavioral Health Treatment;Nov96, Vol. 1 Issue 5, p10 

    Reports on a study showing that mentally ill patients with comorbid anxiety disorder have lower levels of functioning and well-being than those without anxiety. Insignificant effect of comorbid anxiety disorder on patients with depression; Relationship between generalized anxiety disorder and...

  • The Anxiety Disorders. Brown, J. Trig; Mulrow, Cynthia D.; Stoudemire, G. Alan // Annals of Internal Medicine;Apr84, Vol. 100 Issue 4, p558 

    Discusses diagnostic categories concerning anxiety disorders. Examination of the diagnostic criteria for anxiety disorders; Theories proposed to explain the disorders; Review of various treatments available for the relief of anxiety disorders.

  • Get help with free screenings on Nat'l Anxiety Disorders Day.  // Hudson Valley Business Journal;04/27/98, Vol. 8 Issue 26, p23 

    Determines anxiety disorder as America's most common mental illness. Symptoms of an anxiety disorder; Information on the 1998 National Anxiety Disorder Screening Day.

  • How much do mental disorders contribute to New Zealand's tobacco epidemic? Tobias, M.; Templeton, R.; Collings, S. // Tobacco Control;Oct2008, Vol. 17 Issue 5, p347 

    Objective: To quantify the share of tobacco consumed by people with 12-month mental disorders in New Zealand. Methods: Estimates of current smoking prevalence and the 12-month prevalence of three groups of mental disorders--anxiety, mood and substance use disorders -- were derived from the New...

  • Mental illness and smoking show strong links. Charatan, Fred // Bulletin of the World Health Organization;2001, Vol. 79 Issue 1, p79 

    Examines the relationship between smoking and mental illness in the United States. Prevalence of psychiatric disorders among smokers; Discussion on the market strategies employed by tobacco manufacturer; Comparison between the anxiety disorder of heavy and non- smoker adolescents.

  • Smoking Rates Still the Same for Individuals With Poor Mental Health.  // Journal of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Services;Nov2015, Vol. 53 Issue 11, p16 

    No abstract available.

  • The Effect of Mood, Anxiety, and Alcohol Use Disorders on Smoking Cessation in Cancer Patients.  // Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy;Spring2011, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p82 

    No abstract available.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics