Ifugao males, learning and teaching for the improvement of maternal and child health status in the Philippines: an evaluation of a program

Kadomoto, Noriko; Iwasa, Hajime; Takahashi, Miyako; Dulnuan, Marcelyn M.; Kai, Ichiro
January 2011
BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p280
Academic Journal
Background: Improving Maternal and Child Health (MCH) is a prioritized global agenda in achieving the United Nations Millennium Development Goal 5. In this challenge, involving males has been an important agenda, and a program with such intent was conducted in Alfonso Lista, Ifugao, of the Philippines. The objectives of this study were: (1) to evaluate the effectiveness in knowledge, attitude, and practice before and after a MCH session; (2) to evaluate the session's effectiveness in relation to socio-demographic characteristics; and (3) to examine if males who have learned about MCH topics can teach another group of males. Methods: A male community representative who received a lecture from the health office staff was assigned to teach a group of community males [Group 1, N = 140] in 5 sessions, using educational materials. 10 male volunteers from Group 1 then taught a different group of males [Group 2, N = 105] in their own barangays (villages). To evaluate its effectiveness, a self-administered questionnaire survey pertaining knowledge, attitude and practice regarding MCH was conducted at three different time points: before the session (Time 1, T1), after the session (Time 2, T2), and 3 months following the session (Time 3, T3). A repeated measures analysis of variance was conducted to test for changes over time and its interaction effect between specific socio-demographic variables. Results: In Group 1, there was a significant positive increase in knowledge score over time at T1-T2 and T1-T3 (p < 0.001). For attitude, the score increased only at T1-T2 (p = 0.027). The effectiveness in knowledge and attitude did not vary by socio-demographic characteristics. As for practice, majority of the participants reported that they had talked about MCH topics in their community and assisted a pregnant woman in some ways. A comparison between Group 1 and Group 2 revealed that Group 2 had similar effectiveness as Group 1 in knowledge improvement immediately after the session (p < 0.001), but no such improvement in the attitude score. Conclusion: Although the change in attitude needs further assessment, this strategy of continuous learning and teaching of MCH topics within community males is shown to improve knowledge and has a potential to uplift the MCH status, including the reduction of maternal deaths, in Alfonso Lista, Ifugao, Philippines.


Related Articles

  • Stairway to Sustainability. Johansson, Philip // Earthwatch: The Journal of Earthwatch Institute;Sep98, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p28 

    Provides information on a research to measure the productivity and technology of Ifugao rice culture in the Banaue rice terraces in the Philippines. Details on the work of Doctor Carlos Andam in Banaue; Description of how rice was harvested; Reason farmers were never receptive to the high-yield...

  • Dancing anew on the stairways to heaven. Yuson, Alfred A. // UNESCO Courier;Dec2000, Vol. 53 Issue 12, p31 

    Highlights the Banaue rice terraces in Luzon Island, Philippines. How the rice terraces were built; Beliefs of the Ifugao people; Changes in the lives of families in Banaue. INSET: THE ENDURING ROLE OF RITUAL.

  • Ifugao Heirloom Beads. Francis Jr, Peter // Ornament;Autumn93, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p112 

    The article offers information on the heirloom beads of the Ifugaos in the Philippines. Not all Ifugao own heirloom beads. Beads are inherited by the eldest child, who keeps or distributes them among the siblings. The beads and ornaments are symbols of wealth. Women who possess exceptional beads...

  • The Ifugao Rice Terraces.  // Filipino Post;2/4/2010, p13 

    The article profiles the Ifugao Rice Terraces which is named as the Eight Wonder of The World and is included by United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as a world heritage site in danger.

  • THE ART of RICE. Barnes, Cynthia // Humanities;Sep/Oct2003, Vol. 24 Issue 5, p42 

    Presents information on the exhibition "The Art of Rice: Spirit and Sustenance in Asia," on October 5, 2003 at the UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural History in Los Angeles, California. Focus of the exhibit on the historical culture, ancient rituals and customs of rice in Asia; Details of the...

  • Fertility figures from the Philippines. Maxwell, Robyn // Artonview;Spring2005, Issue 43, p27 

    The article describes guardian figures from the Ifugao people of Luzon in the Philippines known as bulol. Carved from red sandalwood, the figures have bold angular facial features, the male and female distinguished by distinct depictions of genitalia. Since bulol are closely associated with...

  • LES IFUGAO, peuple sculpteur des Philippines. Geoffroy-Schneiter, BéRéNice // Beaux Arts Magazine;jui2013, Issue 348, p60 

    The article reviews the Philippine art exhibition "Philippines: Archipel des échanges" at the musée du quai Branly in Paris, France, through July 14, 2013, which features sculptures created by the Ifugao people. INSET: DES TRÉSORS NATIONAUX RÉVÉLÉS À PARIS.

  • Report: US inhospitable to mothers. Andre, Laura // Mothering;Jul/Aug2010, Issue 161, p32 

    The article reports on the low rating of the U.S. in terms of the health of its mothers and children. INSETS: Moms of color at risk;Travel serve learn;Make breastfeeding the standard in research;Australia temporarily bans flu vaccine

  • The Socio-Political Structure that regulates the Ifugao Forest Maintenance. Jae Woo Jang; Platt Salcedo, Scott // International Proceedings of Chemical, Biological & Environmenta;2013, Vol. 58, p86 

    As many farmlands, urban regions and villages around the world confront the shortage of water supply due to the drastic climate and environmental changes during the last decade, it has become imperative to look elsewhere for efficient and sustainable water conservation model. The Ifugao...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics