TITLE

Is there an association between seeing incidents of alcohol or drug use in films and young Scottish adults' own alcohol or drug use? A cross sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
Hunt, Kate; Sweeting, Helen; Sargent, James; Lewars, Heather; Young, Robert; West, Patrick
PUB. DATE
January 2011
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p259
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: As the promotion of alcohol and tobacco to young people through direct advertising has become increasingly restricted, there has been greater interest in whether images of certain behaviours in films are associated with uptake of those behaviours in young people. Associations have been reported between exposure to smoking images in films and smoking initiation, and between exposure to film alcohol images and initiation of alcohol consumption, in younger adolescents in the USA and Germany. To date no studies have reported on film images of recreational drug use and young people's own drug use. Methods: Cross sectional multivariable logistic regression analysis of data collected at age 19 (2002-4) from a cohort of young people (502 boys, 500 girls) previously surveyed at ages 11 (in 1994-5), 13 and 15 in schools in the West of Scotland. Outcome measures at age 19 were: exceeding the 'sensible drinking' guidelines ('heavy drinkers') and binge drinking (based on alcohol consumption reported in last week), and ever use of cannabis and of 'hard' drugs. The principle predictor variables were an estimate of exposure to images of alcohol, and of drug use, in films, controlling for factors related to the uptake of substance use in young people. Results: A third of these young adults (33%) were classed as 'heavy drinkers' and half (47%) as 'binge drinkers' on the basis of their previous week's consumption. Over half (56%) reported ever use of cannabis and 13% ever use of one or more of the 'hard' drugs listed. There were linear trends in the percentage of heavy drinkers (p = .018) and binge drinkers (p = 0.012) by film alcohol exposure quartiles, and for ever use of cannabis by film drug exposure (p = .000), and for ever use of 'hard' drugs (p = .033). The odds ratios for heavy drinking (1.56, 95% CI 1.06-2.29 comparing highest with lowest quartile of film alcohol exposure) and binge drinking (1.59, 95% CI 1.10-2.30) were attenuated by adjustment for gender, social class, family background (parental structure, parental care and parental control), attitudes to risk-taking and rule-breaking, and qualifications (OR heavy drinking 1.42, 95% CI 0.95-2.13 and binge drinking 1.49, 95% CI 1.01-2.19), and further so when adjusting for friends' drinking status (when the odds ratios were no longer significant). A similar pattern was seen for ever use of cannabis and 'hard' drugs (unadjusted OR 1.80, 95% CI 1.24-2.62 and 1.57, 95% CI 0.91-2.69 respectively, 'fully' adjusted OR 1.41 (0.90-2.22 and 1.28 (0.66- 2.47) respectively). Conclusions: Despite some limitations, which are discussed, these cross-sectional results add to a body of work which suggests that it is important to design good longitudinal studies which can determine whether exposure to images of potentially health-damaging behaviours lead to uptake of these behaviours during adolescence and early adulthood, and to examine factors that might mediate this relationship.
ACCESSION #
62653877

 

Related Articles

  • Association Between Electronic Cigarette Use and Openness to Cigarette Smoking Among US Young Adults. Coleman, Blair N.; Apelberg, Benjamin J.; Ambrose, Bridget K.; Green, Kerry M.; Choiniere, Conrad J.; Bunnell, Rebecca; King, Brian A. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Feb2015, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p212 

    Introduction: Use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), including electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), is increasing. One concern is the appeal of these products to youth and young adults and the potential to influence perceptions and use of conventional cigarettes. Methods: Using...

  • Water-Pipe Smoking and Albuminuria: New Dog with Old Tricks. Ishtiaque, Iqra; Shafique, Kashif; Ul-Haq, Zia; Shaikh, Abdul Rauf; Khan, Naveed Ali; Memon, Abdul Rauf; Mirza, Saira Saeed; Ishtiaque, Afra // PLoS ONE;Jan2014, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p1 

    Water-pipe (WP) smoking is on rise worldwide for the past few years, particularly among younger individuals. Growing evidence indicates that WP smoking is as harmful as cigarette smoking. To date, most of the research has focused on acute health effects of WP smoking, and evidence remains...

  • Risk Factors for Disordered Eating in Overweight Adolescents and Young Adults. Goldschmidt, Andrea B.; Wall, Melanie M.; Loth, Katie A.; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne // Journal of Pediatric Psychology;Nov/Dec2015, Vol. 40 Issue 10, p1048 

    Objective: To investigate risk factors for disordered eating among overweight youth, a subset of the population particularly at risk for such behaviors.Methods: A population-based sample of overweight youth (n = 553) self-reported their disordered eating...

  • Shots are like a bullet or a bad man. Caplan, Nina // New Statesman;4/9/2012, Vol. 141 Issue 5100/5101, p91 

    The article looks at the practice of downing alcoholic beverages very quickly. The author notes that at its extreme this is mostly an element of young-adult socializing, but suggests it points to a more widespread habit of consuming drinks too quickly rather than slowly savoring them. She cites...

  • Research round-up.  // Mental Health Practice;Feb2010, Vol. 13 Issue 5, p15 

    This section presents summaries of research related to mental health. They include a study which investigated the frequency and the portrayal of alcohol use and smoking in soap operas in British television. Another examined the negative emotional and physical impact of harmful healthcare-related...

  • Is Young India Drunk? Sra, Gunjeet; Pai, Aditi; Menon, Amarnath K. // India Today;7/2/2012, p17 

    The article discusses the upsurge of problem drinking among young people in India. Indian young people watching films with protagonists drinking freely were consuming alcohol three times higher based on a study presented at the World Congress of Cardiology in Dubai, United Arab Emirates....

  • BETWEEN THE "SACRED" AND THE "PROFANE": CULTURAL FANTASY IN MADEINUSA BY CLAUDIA LLOSA. Kroll, Juli A. // Chasqui (01458973);nov2009, Vol. 38 Issue 2, p113 

    The author offers a criticism of the film "Madeinusa," written and directed by Claudia Llosa, and starring Magaly Solier and Carlos de la Torre. According to the author, themes in the film include religious syncretism, the ritual use of alcohol, and the sacred and profane. The author examines...

  • Modernising the profession's regulation. Pierce-Brown, Rhoda // Accountancy;Mar1998, Vol. 121 Issue 1255, p90 

    Details the results of a study on creative accounting and the use of accounting policy in Great Britain. Use of the logistic regression model in determining the weighing of the five relevant accounting ratios; Comparison between capital growth and dividend income.

  • The name of the game.  // Accountancy;Jul2000, Vol. 126 Issue 1283, p1 

    When the author took on the chairmanship of the Great Britain Financial Services Authority (FSA), he didn't expect to be spending much of his time on accounting matters. The Treasury decided that, in future, the FSA would regulate all accounting firms that undertake investment business as a...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics