Non-specific psychological distress, smoking status and smoking cessation: United States National Health Interview Survey 2005

Lawrence, David; Mitrou, Francis; Zubrick, Stephen R.
January 2011
BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p256
Academic Journal
Background: It is well established that smoking rates in people with common mental disorders such as anxiety or depressive disorders are much higher than in people without mental disorders. It is less clear whether people with these mental disorders want to quit smoking, attempt to quit smoking or successfully quit smoking at the same rate as people without such disorders. Methods: We used data from the 2005 Cancer Control Supplement to the United States National Health Interview Survey to explore the relationship between psychological distress as measured using the K6 scale and smoking cessation, by comparing current smokers who had tried unsuccessfully to quit in the previous 12 months to people able to quit for at least 7 to 24 months prior to the survey. We also used data from the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing to examine the relationship between psychological distress (K6) scores and duration of mental illness. Results: The majority of people with high K6 psychological distress scores also meet diagnostic criteria for mental disorders, and over 90% of these people had first onset of mental disorder more than 2 years prior to the survey. We found that people with high levels of non-specific psychological distress were more likely to be current smokers. They were as likely as people with low levels of psychological distress to report wanting to quit smoking, trying to quit smoking, and to have used smoking cessation aids. However, they were significantly less likely to have quit smoking. Conclusions: The strong association between K6 psychological distress scores and mental disorders of long duration suggests that the K6 measure is a useful proxy for ongoing mental health problems. As people with anxiety and depressive disorders make up a large proportion of adult smokers in the US, attention to the role of these disorders in smoking behaviours may be a useful area of further investigation for tobacco control.


Related Articles

  • Prevalence of psychological distress and mental disorders, and use of mental health services in the epidemiological catchment area of Montreal South-West. Caron, Jean; Fleury, Marie-Jos‚e; Perreault, Michel; Crocker, Anne; Tremblay, Jacques; Tousignant, Michel; Kestens, Yan; Cargo, Margaret; Daniel, Mark // BMC Psychiatry;2012, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p183 

    Background: This report presents the initial results of the first Epidemiological Catchment Area Study in mental health in Canada. Five neighbourhoods in the South-West sector of Montreal, with a population of 258,000, were under study. The objectives of the research program were: 1) to assess...

  • Psychosocial aspects of insomnia: Results of a study in general practice. Käppler, Christoph; Hohagen, Fritz // European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience;2003, Vol. 253 Issue 1, p49 

    The relationship between insomnia and psychosocial factors is focused only in few epidemiological studies. Furthermore, most of them do not control for the mutual interdependencies of variables like age, sex, psychosocial distress and somatic or psychiatric disorders in their relation to...

  • Addition of prevalence of cigarette smoking as a nationally notifiable condition--June 1996.  // MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report;6/28/1996, Vol. 45 Issue 25, p537 

    Reports on the inclusion of prevalence of cigarette smoking to the list of conditions designated as reportable by states to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Goals of smoking prevalence surveillance.

  • SMOKING RATES.  // Monday Morning Report;10/25/2010, Vol. 34 Issue 20, p8 

    The article reports on a survey from Gallup-Healthways which indicates that education and personal income affect smoking rates in the U.S.

  • The relationship between mental disorders and medical service utilization in a representative community sample. Schmitz, Norbert; Kruse, Johannes // Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology;Aug2002, Vol. 37 Issue 8, p380 

    Background Frequent use of health services has been associated with mental disorders and psychological distress. The present study aimed to determine how mental disorders affect the likelihood of using health services in a nationally representative sample. Method The analysis was based on data...

  • Bodily pain and associated mental distress among immigrant adolescents. Lien, Lars; Claussen, Bjørgulf; Hauff, Edvard; Thoresen, Magne; Bjertness, Espen // European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry;Oct2005, Vol. 14 Issue 7, p371 

    Focuses on a study which analyzed the association of bodily pain and mental distress among immigrant adolescents. Characteristics of study participants and subjects; Comparison of the levels of mental distress between girls and boys; Average number of pain sites among girls.

  • Innovations in Primary Care Mental Health. Getler, Alyce A.; Joseph, Robert C.; Grunebaum, Judy; Grunebaum, Henry; Eder, Goldie // Families, Systems & Health: The Journal of Collaborative Family ;Winter2001, Vol. 19 Issue 4, p459 

    Examines the Primary Care Behavioral Health Service (PCBHS) assisting the mentally ill and distressed in the United States. Goal of PCBHS; Referral of primary care physicians to PCBHS clinicians; Clinical staff of PCBHS.

  • ATTITUDES TOWARD THE HYPOMANIC PERSONALITY AND OTHERS. Kahans, Daniel; Krupinski, Jerzy; Wilson, Christine // Social Behavior & Personality: An International Journal;1998, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p363 

    To evaluate specific community attitudes toward psychiatric conditions and the ability to identity particular psychiatric syndromes, selected respondents associated and/or involved with Wingrove Cottage Community Clinic (N = 49) were asked to complete questionnaires in relation to five...

  • Psychiatric Distress Among Road Rage Victims and Perpetrators. Smart, Reginald G.; Asbridge, Mark; Mann, Robert E.; Adlaf, Edward M. // Canadian Journal of Psychiatry;Nov2003, Vol. 48 Issue 10, p681 

    Objective: To investigate the relation between psychiatric distress and road rage, paying particular attention to the potential link between psychiatric illness and frequent involvement in serious forms of road rage. Method: This study reports data on road rage involvement, demographic...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics