TITLE

PROAKTIVNÍ ZVLÁDÁNÍ U OSOB STARŠÍHO VĔKU: VZTAH K VYBRANÝM KOGNITIVNÍM PROMĔNNÝM

AUTHOR(S)
Lukavský, Jiří; Šolcová, Iva; Preiss, Marek
PUB. DATE
June 2011
SOURCE
Ceskoslovenska Psychologie;Jun2011, Issue 3, p193
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objectives. The study reports the results of Czech version of Proactive Coping Inventory (PCI) in the elderly. The results of PCI subscales were compared to the cognitive performance in memory and attention domains. Subjects and setting. The sample included 257 community-dwelling senior citizens from Prague region. The Czech version of Proactive Coping Inventory was administered. The memory performance was assessed using AVLT and Logical Memory subtest from WMS-III. Besides the cognitive tests Cognitive Failure Questionnaire (CFQ), Schwartz Outcomes Scale (SOS-10) and explicit measures from self-esteem Implicit Association Test were administered. Statistical analysis. The psychometric properties of PCI subscales were calculated (Cronbach alpha, item-scale correlations). The relationship of PCI subscales to demographic factors (age, education), cognitive performance and other measures was investigated in correlation analysis. Results. Contrary to prior expectations worse cognitive performance is related to higher scores in Reflective Coping and Strategic Planning subscales, which refer to the use of reflection and planning. This effect is interpreted as a compensation mechanism. The psychometric analysis confirmed similar psychometric properties of the questionnaire in elderly compared to the original study. Lower Proactive Coping scores were found in this study. Study limitations. The sample is not representative, with majority of women and above-average education level.
ACCESSION #
62546095

 

Related Articles

  • A comparison of parametric models for the investigation of the shape of cognitive change in the older population. Terrera, Graciela Muniz; Matthews, Fiona; Brayne, Carol // BMC Neurology;2008, Vol. 8, Special section p1 

    Background: Cognitive decline is a major threat to well being in later life. Change scores and regression based models have often been used for its investigation. Most methods used to describe cognitive decline assume individuals lose their cognitive abilities at a constant rate with time. The...

  • Study: Walking Improves Memory, Learning, Attention in Older Women.  // FDA Consumer;Nov/Dec2004, Vol. 38 Issue 6, p7 

    Discusses research being done on the link between walking and cognitive function among older women. Reference to a study by Jennifer Weuve et al published in the September 2, 2004 issue of "Journal of the American Medical Association"; Comparison of the cognitive test results of women who...

  • Gender, resources across the life course, and cognitive functioning in Egypt. YOUNT, KATHRYN M. // Demography;Nov2008, Vol. 45 Issue 4, p907 

    In this article, I evaluate the life-course determinants of cognitive functioning among 1,003 women and men aged 50 and older in Ismailia, Egypt. Three questions motivate this analysis: (1) Do older women have poorer cognitive functioning than do older men?; (2) Do cognitive resources accrued in...

  • Association of executive function and performance of dual-task physical tests among older adults: analyses from the InChianti study. Coppin, Antonia K.; Shumway-Cook, Anne; Saczynski, Jane S.; Patel, Kushang V.; Ble, Alessandro; Ferrucci, Luigi; Guralnik, Jack M. // Age & Ageing;Nov2006, Vol. 35 Issue 6, p619 

    Background: previous studies have reported an association between cognitive function and physical performance, particularly among older adults. Objective: to examine the association between executive function and performance difference on complex versus usual walking tasks in a sample of...

  • Physical and cognitive function in midlife: reciprocal effects? A 5-year follow-up of the Whitehall II study. Elovainio, M.; Kivimäki, M.; Ferrie, J. E.; Gimeno, D.; De Vogli, R.; Virtanen, M.; Vahtera, J.; Brunner, E. J.; Marmot, M. G.; Singh-Manoux, A. // Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Jun2009, Vol. 63 Issue 6, p468 

    Background: Cognitive and physical functions are closely linked in old age, but less is known about this association in midlife. Whether cognitive function predicts physical function and whether physical function predicts cognitive function were assessed in middle-aged men and women. Methods:...

  • Underwriting the Elderly: The Utility of DWR, Part II. Vecchione, Laura; Golus, Eric // Journal of Insurance Medicine;2007, Vol. 39 Issue 4, p264 

    Cognitive function is an important predictor of mortality in the elderly. Over the past few years, an increasing number of life insurance companies have incorporated screening for cognitive impairment into the underwriting process at older ages. Many different test instruments provide a...

  • Apolipoprotein E is not Related to Memory Abilities at 70 Years of Age. Luciano, Michelle; Gow, Alan J.; Taylor, Michelle D.; Hayward, Caroline; Harris, Sarah E.; Campbell, Harry; Porteous, David J.; Starr, John M.; Visscher, Peter M.; Deary, Ian J. // Behavior Genetics;Jan2009, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p6 

    APOE e4-related memory deficits were reported in a normal population aged between 50 and 60 when controlling for general cognitive ability in early adulthood. This extended findings of APOE e4 effects on cognitive ability in 60–80-year-olds to a younger group and confirmed that this...

  • Regularity effect in prospective memory during aging. Blondelle, Geoffrey; Hainselin, Mathieu; Gounden, Yannick; Heurley, Laurent; Voisin, Hélène; Megalakaki, Olga; Bressous, Estelle; Quaglino, Véronique // Socioaffecitve Neuroscience & Psychology;2016, Vol. 6, p1 

    Background: Regularity effect can affect performance in prospective memory (PM), but little is known on the cognitive processes linked to this effect. Moreover, its impacts with regard to aging remain unknown. To our knowledge, this study is the first to examine regularity effect in PM in a...

  • Brain Decline. Shute, Nancy // U.S. News & World Report;Feb2009, Vol. 146 Issue 1, p68 

    The article focuses on memory loss in older people. The author report that roughly 40 percent of people over the age of 65 have memory impairment caused by aging and suggests having testing done by a doctor to rule out more serious causes. Physical exercise reportedly lowers incidences of memory...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics