First (Double) Crossings: Vikings, Christianity, and the Skraelings of North America

June 2009
North Dakota Quarterly;Summer2009, Vol. 76 Issue 3, p112
Academic Journal
The article presents discussion regarding the early encounters between the Scandinavian Vikings and the Sauk Indians of North America in pre-Columbian Minnesota and Greenland. Discussion is offered introducing the events of the Viking discovery of the area in the 13th century. Commentary is also provided discussing the depiction of the Viking displacement of Indians in Scandinavian literature, including comments on its Christian religious aspects. The author asserts that the early accounts of the Viking displacements marked the beginning of the long history of Native American marginalization on the continent.


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