TITLE

A Test of Holland's Environment Formulations

AUTHOR(S)
Rounds Jr., James B.; Shubsachs, Alexander P.W.; Dawis, René V.; Lofquist, Lloyd H.
PUB. DATE
October 1978
SOURCE
Journal of Applied Psychology;Oct78, Vol. 63 Issue 5, p609
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
One hundred and eighty-one occupations, for which reinforcer rating data were available, were classified into the six Holland environment models. Mean reinforcer scale scores were found to differ significantly among the six environments on 17 reinforcer scales, on 12 of which there were significant pair wise differences. Comparison of hypothesized and observed rank orderings of the six environments showed significant agreement on eight reinforcer scales. Comparison of mean score differences between alternating environments with those between opposite or adjacent environments were significantly in the hypothesized direction for three reinforcer scales. Multidimensional scaling of the six environments using correlation and d² as measures of similarity showed the appropriateness of a two-dimensional solution, with an RCSIAE or REAISC ordering (compared with Holland's postulated RIASEC ordering). Position Analysis Questionnaire mean factor scores for five Holland environments were found not to fit a two-dimensional configuration. It is concluded that these occupational reinforcer and behavioral requirement data provide at best only modest support for Holland's environment formulations.
ACCESSION #
6239206

 

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