Thiazolidinone Steroids Impregnated Polyurethane Foams as a Solid Phase Extractant for the Extraction and Preconcentration of Cadmium(II) from Industrial Wastewater

Tawfiq Makki, Mohammad S.; Abdel-Rahman, R. Mohammady; Alfooty, K. Ommar; El-Shahawi, Mohammad S.
April 2011
E-Journal of Chemistry;2011, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p887
Academic Journal
Two new thiazolidinone steroids namely sulfadiazino-imino-steroid (I) and 3-sulfonamoyl-phenyl-spiro[4-oxo-thiazolidin-2, 2′steroid] (II) were prepared and characterized from their molecular weight determination and spectroscopic measurements. Compound II were physically immobilized onto polyurethane foams (PUFs) for the preconcentration of cadmium(II) from acidic aqueous media containing iodide ions. The kinetics of the retention step of cadmium(II) from aqueous solutions by compound II treated PUFs was studied. Particle diffusion was the most probable operating mechanism and did not control the kinetics of cadmium(II) retention by compound II immobilized PUFs. A preconcentration / separation procedure is presented for the solid phase extraction of trace cadmium(II) from aqueous media as its ternary complex ion associate with compound II in industrial wastewater samples onto compound II treated PUFs prior to determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). Compound II treated PUFs sorbent was successfully packed in glass column for complete extraction and / or determination of trace concentrations of cadmium(II) in wastewater samples with satisfactory recovery (95 ± 2.6). The cyclic voltammetry of compound II showed two well defined irreversible redox couples and suggested its possible use as complexing agent in stripping voltammetric determination of trace concentrations of toxic metal ions in wastewater.


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