TITLE

Alejandra Pizarnik in the Psychiatric Ward: Where Everything is Possible But the Poem

AUTHOR(S)
Rodríguez-Matos, Jaime
PUB. DATE
July 2011
SOURCE
Bulletin of Hispanic Studies (1475-3839);2011, Vol. 88 Issue 5, p571
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The work of Alejandra Pizarnik has been a central part of the questioning of subjectivity in recent literary criticism. Two basic patterns have emerged: one outlines the unification of the poetic persona and the poet's tragic life; another draws attention to the fundamental lack that is presupposed (even in the first case) once subjectivity is understood structurally (i.e., linguistically). While this divide has been posited as the rupture between Romanticism and postmodernism, this paper claims that the basic pattern of subjectivity in question marks a continuity with the Romantic tradition and, furthermore, that this tradition is one that abolishes the singularity of the poem for Pizarnik. A third subjective position then emerges, one that Pizarnik simply terms 'the new voice, unknown'. This third subjective position divides her oeuvre from within and incorporates the other two.El trabajo de Alejandra Pizarnik ha sido importante para el cuestionamiento del concepto de subjetividad en la crítica reciente. Dos patrones se han impuesto: uno propone la unificación del sujeto poético y la figura trágica de Pizarnik la persona; otro hace hincapié en la falta en la que se funda todo sujeto (hasta en el del primer caso) una vez la subjetividad se piensa estructuralmente (es decir, lingüísticamente). Esta división se ha visto a través del lente de la ruptura entre el romanticismo y la posmodernidad. Este ensayo sostiene que en ambos casos el tipo de subjetividad está en continuidad con el sujeto romántico, y, más allá, que, para Pizarnik, esa tradición destruye la singularidad del poema. Un tercer tipo de sujeto surge entonces, al que Pizarnik simplemente llama la 'voz nueva, desconocida', y divide su obra desde el interior a la vez que incorpora los primeros dos.
ACCESSION #
62012209

 

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