"Civil Government Was Crumbling Around Me": The Kirk-Holden War of 1870

April 2011
North Carolina Historical Review;Apr2011, Vol. 88 Issue 2, p123
Academic Journal
The article discusses a conflict known as the Kirk-Holden War in North Carolina in 1870. It notes that the conflict began when members of the white supremacist organization the Ku Klux Klan from Caswell County, North Carolina murdered Republican state senator John W. Stephens. The author reflects on North Carolina Republican governor William Woods Holden, who sent a militia, led by officer George W. Kirk, to arrest Klansmen. Other topics include habeas corpus, other episodes of Klan violence in North Carolina in the era of Reconstruction, and the impeachment campaign against Holden.


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