TITLE

A novel blast resistance locus in a rice ( Oryza sativa L.) cultivar, Chumroo, of Bhutan

AUTHOR(S)
Matsushita, Kei; Yasuda, Nobuko; Thinlay; Koizumi, Shinzo; Ashizawa, Taketo; Sunohara, Yoshihiro; Iida, Shuichi; Ideta, Osamu; Maeda, Hideo; Fujita, Yoshikatsu
PUB. DATE
July 2011
SOURCE
Euphytica;Jul2011, Vol. 180 Issue 2, p273
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The rice cultivar 'Chumroo' is commonly cultivated in the mid- and high-altitude areas of Bhutan. This cultivar has shown durable blast resistance in that area, without evidence of breakdown, for over 20 years. Chumroo was inoculated with 22 blast isolates selected from the race differential standard set of Japan. The cultivar showed resistance to all the isolates. To identify the resistance gene(s), Chumroo was crossed with a susceptible rice cultivar, Koshihikari. The F plants of the cross showed resistance. Segregation analyses of 300 F family lines fitted the segregation ratio of 1:2:1 and indicated that a single dominant gene controls the resistance to a blast isolate Ao 92-06-2 (race 337.1). The Chumroo resistance locus (termed Pi46(t)) was mapped between two SSR markers, RM6748 and RM5473, on the terminal region of the long arm of chromosome 4, using linkage analysis with SSR markers. The nearest marker, RM5473, was linked to the putative resistance locus at a map distance of 3.2 cM. At the chromosomal region, no true resistance genes were identified, whereas two field resistance genes were present. Therefore, we designated Pi46(t) as a novel blast resistance locus.
ACCESSION #
61236273

 

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