Expression and Biological Significance of Leptin, Leptin Receptor, VEGF, and CD34 in Colorectal Carcinoma

Liu Hui; Wan Desen; Pan Zhizhong; Cao Lijing; Wu Xiaojun; Lu Zhenhai; Kang Tai
July 2011
Cell Biochemistry & Biophysics;Jul2011, Vol. 60 Issue 3, p241
Academic Journal
To investigate the expression and biological significance of Leptin, Leptin receptor, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF), and CD34 protein in colorectal carcinoma tissues. The expression of Leptin, Leptin receptor, VEGF, and CD34 was detected in 68 cases of colorectal carcinoma tissues, paired para-carcinoma tissues and normal colorectal tissues by Immunohistochemical SP Method. The results and related clinicopathological data were analyzed. The positive rate of Leptin, Leptin receptor, and VEGF was significantly higher in colorectal carcinoma tissues than that in paired para-carcinoma tissues and normal colorectal tissues. The expression of Leptin, Leptin receptor, and VEGF was correlated with grade of tumor differentiation, depth of bowel wall invasion, lymph node metastasis, Dukes stage, distant metastasis, and lympho/vascular tumor embolization. Microvessel density (MVD) value in colorectal carcinoma was significantly higher than that in para-carcinoma tissues and normal colorectal tissues, and the density in para-carcinoma tissues was higher than that in normal colorectal tissues. The expression of Leptin, Leptin receptor, VEGF, and MVD value in colorectal carcinoma was positively correlated. In conclusion, microvessel density value is an important index of the growth, invasion, and metastasis of colorectal carcinoma. The binding of Leptin and Leptin receptor promotes the proliferation of colorectal carcinoma cells. The synergy between Leptin and VEGF accelerates the angiogenesis in colorectal carcinoma and accelerates the invasion and metastasis of the tumor cells.


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