TITLE

Protective effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme I/I and matrix metalloproteinase-3 6A/6A polymorphisms on dilatative pathology within the ascending thoracic aorta

AUTHOR(S)
Lesauskaite, Vaiva; Sinkunaite-Marsalkiene, Giedre; Tamosiunas, Abdonas; Benetis, Rimantas
PUB. DATE
July 2011
SOURCE
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery;Jul2011, Vol. 40 Issue 1, p23
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Abstract: Objective: Activation of matrix metalloproteinases and the renin/angiotensin signaling pathways is under investigation with regard to their potential pathogenesis in dilatative pathology of the aorta. The purpose of this study was to explore matrix metalloproteinase-3 5A/6A and angiotensin-converting enzyme I/D polymorphisms as predisposing factors to dilatative pathology of the aorta. Methods: We studied 107 patients who underwent aortic reconstruction surgery due to dilatative pathology of ascending thoracic aorta and a random sample of the population (n =773), all from Lithuania. The insertion/deletion (−1171 5A/6A) polymorphism in the promoter region of matrix metalloproteinase-3 studied by real-time polymerase-chain-reaction amplification and the D and I alleles were identified on the basis of standard polymerase-chain-reaction amplification of the respective fragments from intron 16 of the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene. Results: The frequency of the angiotensin-converting enzyme D allele was significantly higher in dilatative pathology of ascending thoracic aorta patients than in the reference group subjects (0.55 vs 0.48, respectively). The latter group had a significantly higher frequency of the angiotensin-converting enzyme I/I genotype than in dilatative pathology of ascending thoracic aorta patients (27.4% vs 16.5%, respectively). In the reference group, the frequency of combined angiotensin-converting enzyme I/I and matrix metalloproteinase-3 6A/6A genotypes was 7.5%, while in the dilatative pathology of ascending thoracic aorta patient group, there was no one carrying that combined genotype (p =0.001). Conclusions: The present study showing a role of angiotensin-converting enzyme and matrix metalloproteinase-3 in the development of dilatative pathology of ascending thoracic aorta permits us to entertain a possible protective mechanism for the combined effects of the angiotensin-converting enzyme I/I and the matrix metalloproteinase-3 6A/6A genotypes.
ACCESSION #
61175253

 

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