TITLE

Incongruence in Doping Related Attitudes, Beliefs and Opinions in the Context of Discordant Behavioural Data: In Which Measure Do We Trust?

AUTHOR(S)
Petróczi, Andrea; Uvacsek, Martina; Nepusz, Tamás; Deshmukh, Nawed; Shah, Iltaf; Aidman, Eugene V.; Barker, James; Tóth, Miklós; Naughton, Declan P.
PUB. DATE
April 2011
SOURCE
PLoS ONE;2011, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Social psychology research on doping and outcome based evaluation of primary anti-doping prevention and intervention programmes have been dominated by self-reports. Having confidence in the validity and reliability of such data is vital. Methodology/Principal Findings: The sample of 82 athletes from 30 sports (52.4% female, mean age: 21.48±2.86 years) was split into quasi-experimental groups based on i) self-admitted previous experience with prohibited performance enhancing drugs (PED) and ii) the presence of at least one prohibited PED in hair covering up to 6 months prior to data collection. Participants responded to questionnaires assessing a range of social cognitive determinants of doping via selfreports; and completed a modified version of the Brief Implicit Association Test (BIAT) assessing implicit attitudes to doping relative to the acceptable nutritional supplements (NS). Social projection regarding NS was used as control. PEDs were detected in hair samples from 10 athletes (12% prevalence), none of whom admitted doping use. This group of 'deniers' was characterised by a dissociation between explicit (verbal declarations) and implicit (BIAT) responding, while convergence was observed in the 'clean' athlete group. This dissociation, if replicated, may act as a cognitive marker of the denier group, with promising applications of the combined explicit-implicit cognitive protocol as a proxy in lieu of biochemical detection methods in social science research. Overall, discrepancies in the relationship between declared doping-related opinion and implicit doping attitudes were observed between the groups, with control measures remaining unaffected. Questionnaire responses showed a pattern consistent with self-reported doping use. Conclusions/Significance: Following our preliminary work, this study provides further evidence that both self-reports on behaviour and social cognitive measures could be affected by some form of response bias. This can question the validity of self-reports, with reliability remaining unaffected. Triangulation of various assessment methods is recommended.
ACCESSION #
61168085

 

Related Articles

  • The Ethics of Doping: Health, Medicine and Sports. McNamee, Michael // ICSSPE Bulletin (17285909);2008, Issue 56, p10 

    In this article the author discusses issues related to ethics of doping. The author tells that doping is an ethical and professional issue that cuts across the domains of sports, health and medicine. The author says that in the World Anti Doping Agency's (WADA) newly revised code only two of the...

  • Doping by Fitness Exercisers a Quiet Contagion. Tanninen, Liisa // Motion-Sport in Finland;2008, Vol. 2008 Issue 2, p36 

    The article discusses the results of a general survey conducted by Finnish Antidoping Agency (FINADA) in 2000 in Finland. The survey found out that there were some 10000 users of performance-enhancing substances. Pirjo Krouvila, secretary general of the FINADA said that the phenomenon is very...

  • Not a Pretty Site. Reilly, Rick // Sports Illustrated;3/20/2006, Vol. 104 Issue 12, p116 

    The article comments on the official website of Barry Bonds and provides four entries. April 3, 2006 has Bonds saying "Game of Shadows" is a book of lies written by two geeks. On May 17, 2006, Bonds is complaining about sportswriters and fans at a Houston game. On July 28, 2006, Bonds is...

  • On the Cover. Block, George // ASCA Newsletter;2013, Vol. 2013 Issue 7, p3 

    In this article the author discusses the anti doping policies in sports. He states that in sports like basket ball, the drug users have broken all the rules and none of those players punished tested positive for Performance-Enhancing Drugs (PEDs). He states that in general sports industry spends...

  • Cutting Edge Technology.  // Nutraceuticals Now;Spring2010, p11 

    The article reports on the development of new technologies and methodologies to test the quality and safety of sports nutrition products. It states that some supplements contain ingredients that cause serious side effects. It presents the mass spectrometry, a precise laboratory technique, that...

  • Illegal performance enhancing drugs and doping in sport: a picture-based brief implicit association test for measuring athletes' attitudes. Brand, Ralf; Heck, Philipp; Ziegler, Matthias // Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention & Policy;2014, Vol. 9, p1 

    Background Doping attitude is a key variable in predicting athletes' intention to use forbidden performance enhancing drugs. Indirect reaction-time based attitude tests, such as the implicit association test, conceal the ultimate goal of measurement from the participant better than...

  • 2011 Proposed Equine Prohibited Substances.  // Horse Sport;Nov2010, Vol. 43 Issue 11, p12 

    The article details the proposal by the Fédération Equestre Internationale (FEI) List Group to put up an Equine Prohibited Substances List for the year 2011, which will be voted upon by the FEI General Assembly when it meets in November 2010.

  • Rackets Among Sports Rockets. Sorbie, Charles // Orthopedics;Jan2004, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p14 

    Discusses research on the discovery of tetrahydrogestrinone tester. Reference to a study by Knight, published in a 2003 issue of the journal "Nature"; Study methods; Results.

  • CONFESSIONS OF A DOPER.  // New York Times Upfront;11/5/2012, Vol. 145 Issue 4, p6 

    An essay is presented on the reasons behind the use of performance-enhancing drugs by athletes. The author relates his experience of using drugs to be more competitive, to be more assured of winning, and to realize a childhood dream. It calls on more efforts to support the anti-doping...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics