TITLE

Single-Strand Conformational Polymorphism of EST-SSRs: A Potential Tool for Diversity Analysis and Varietal Identification in Sugarcane

AUTHOR(S)
Swapna, M.; Sivaraju, K.; Sharma, R.; Singh, N.; Mohapatra, T.
PUB. DATE
September 2011
SOURCE
Plant Molecular Biology Reporter;Sep2011, Vol. 29 Issue 3, p505
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Sugarcane ( Saccharum spp.) has a large complex polyploid genome. Assay of molecular variation in the expressed component of its genome has relevance to the analysis of genetic diversity, variety identification and introgression of agronomically useful genes present in different members of the Saccharum complex. The present study was designed to evaluate single-strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) as a potential tool to detect genetic variation in the expressed sequence tag (EST) derived microsatellites. Twenty primer pairs obtained from EST libraries and one designed from soluble acid invertase gene sequence were used to characterise 21 clones belonging to four different Saccharum species and 22 sugarcane varieties/genotypes. All the markers, including the two, which were reported monomorphic even at the interspecific level in an automated fragment analysis system in a previous study, could be successfully converted into polymorphic ones using SSCP analysis. A broad range of variation could be revealed by this technique. The Saccharum spp. clones could be grouped into distinct clusters, confirming the species relationships postulated earlier using morphological, biochemical and molecular methods. The polymorphic markers could also differentiate all the 22 sugarcane varieties from each other. This is a first report that demonstrates the usefulness of SSCP technique, in obtaining polymorphic microsatellite markers developed from EST sequences for various genetic and breeding applications, in this polyploid species.
ACCESSION #
61141816

 

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