The GloSea4 Ensemble Prediction System for Seasonal Forecasting

Arribas, Alberto; Glover, M.; Maidens, A.; Peterson, K.; Gordon, M.; MacLachlan, C.; Graham, R.; Fereday, D.; Camp, J.; Scaife, A. A.; Xavier, P.; McLean, P.; Colman, A.; Cusack, S.
June 2011
Monthly Weather Review;Jun2011, Vol. 139 Issue 6, p1891
Academic Journal
Seasonal forecasting systems, and related systems for decadal prediction, are crucial in the development of adaptation strategies to climate change. However, despite important achievements in this area in the last 10 years, significant levels of skill are only generally found over regions strongly connected with the El Niñño--Southern Oscillation. With the aim of improving the skill of regional climate predictions in tropical and extratropical regions from intraseasonal to interannual time scales, a new Met Office global seasonal forecasting system (GloSea4) has been developed. This new system has been designed to be flexible and easy to upgrade so it can be fully integrated within the Met Office model development infrastructure. Overall, the analysis here shows an improvement of GloSea4 when compared to its predecessor. However, there are exceptions, such as the increased model biases that contribute to degrade the skill of Niñño-3.4 SST forecasts starting in November. Global ENSO teleconnections and Madden--Julian oscillation anomalies are well represented in GloSea4. Remote forcings of the North Atlantic Oscillation by ENSO and the quasi-biennial oscillation are captured albeit the anomalies are weaker than those found in observations. Hindcast length issues and their implications for seasonal forecasting are also discussed.


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