TITLE

Planning and problem-solving training for patients with schizophrenia: a randomized controlled trial

AUTHOR(S)
Rodewald, Katlehn; Rentrop, Mirjam; Holt, Daniel V.; Roesch-Ely, Daniela; Backenstraß, Matthias; Funke, Joachim; Weisbrod, Matthias; Kaiser, Stefan
PUB. DATE
January 2011
SOURCE
BMC Psychiatry;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p73
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: The purpose of this study was to assess whether planning and problem-solving training is more effective in improving functional capacity in patients with schizophrenia than a training program addressing basic cognitive functions. Methods: Eighty-nine patients with schizophrenia were randomly assigned either to a computer assisted training of planning and problem-solving or a training of basic cognition. Outcome variables included planning and problem-solving ability as well as functional capacity, which represents a proxy measure for functional outcome. Results: Planning and problem-solving training improved one measure of planning and problem-solving more strongly than basic cognition training, while two other measures of planning did not show a differential effect. Participants in both groups improved over time in functional capacity. There was no differential effect of the interventions on functional capacity. Conclusion: A differential effect of targeting specific cognitive functions on functional capacity could not be established. Small differences on cognitive outcome variables indicate a potential for differential effects. This will have to be addressed in further research including longer treatment programs and other settings. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00507988
ACCESSION #
61021176

 

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