Rumination in Clinical Depression: A Type of Emotional Suppression?

Liverant, Gabrielle; Kamholz, Barbara; Sloan, Denise; Brown, Timothy
June 2011
Cognitive Therapy & Research;Jun2011, Vol. 35 Issue 3, p253
Academic Journal
This study examined the relationship between rumination and the use of other emotion-regulation strategies in a depressed sample. Sixty outpatients diagnosed with unipolar depression completed questionnaires and participated in a sad mood induction. The mood induction was used to investigate the relationship between the use of rumination and each of two theoretically relevant emotion-regulation strategies-suppression and acceptance. Findings demonstrated that rumination was positively associated with other types of suppression and negatively related to acceptance. Results offer tentative support for the conceptualization of rumination as a maladaptive, cognitive emotion-regulation strategy utilized by depressed individuals in an attempt to suppress their experience of negative emotion. Findings also suggest a potential mechanism of action for efficacious mindfulness and acceptance-based treatments for depression.


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