TITLE

Peace impact on health: population access to iodized salt in south Sudan in post-conflict period

AUTHOR(S)
Gaffar, Abdelrahim Mutwakel; Mahfouz, Mohamed Salih
PUB. DATE
April 2011
SOURCE
Croatian Medical Journal;Apr2011, Vol. 52 Issue 2, p178
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Aim: To determine the population access to salt/iodized salt during and after the armed conflict in south Sudan and to illustrate geographical variations in population consumption of iodized salt in south Sudan after the armed conflict. Methods: The sources of data for the conflict period were the 2004 Toward a Baseline: Best Estimates of Social Indicators for Southern Sudan study report and the 2000 Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey, and for the post-conflict period the 2005 Sudan Household Health Survey (SHHS) data set. Results: After peace agreement, population access to salt increased by 6.8% (Z = 5.488, P < 0.001) and the consumption of iodized salt increased by 32.9% (Z = 24.668, P < 0.001). More than 73% of families were using iodized salt but geographical differences existed between states. Conclusion: Peace had positive impact on population access to iodized salt in south Sudan. Public health authorities in south Sudan need to establish quality monitoring and surveillance systems to track progress toward Universal Salt Iodization goal defined by the World Health Organization, United Nations Children’s Fund, and the International Council for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders.
ACCESSION #
60819671

 

Related Articles

  • Iodine in salt.  // Presidents & Prime Ministers;Mar/Apr95, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p36 

    Reports that universal salt iodination is the public health measure of choice for eliminating iodine disorders safely according to the World Health Organization. Prevention of mental retardation; Range of iodine deficiency disorders.

  • The development of a global program for the elimination of brain damage due to iodine deficiency. Hetzel, Basil S. // Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Jun2012, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p164 

    Iodine deficiency is the most common preventable cause of brain damage with more than 2 billion people from 130 countries at risk. The global problem of iodine deficiency has been redefined by a readily transmitted population concept, with an easy acronym - the concept of the iodine deficiency...

  • Commentary: Iodine deficiency as a new challenge for industrialized countries: A UK perspective. Vanderpump, Mark PJ // International Journal of Epidemiology;Jun2012, Vol. 41 Issue 3, p601 

    No abstract available.

  • The pinch of salt solution. Pennington, Sara // Geographical (Campion Interactive Publishing);Jul95, Vol. 67 Issue 7, p32 

    Focuses on the iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) in landlocked countries like Laos. Findings by the United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF) survey; Factors contributing to iodine deficiency including excessive soil leaching; Lack of seafoods; Limitations in solving iodine deficiency; Discussion of...

  • Control of iodine-deficiency disorders following universal salt iodization in Shenzhen, China, 1997-2011. Wei Huang; Chaoqiong Peng; Haixiong Huang; Jinzhou Zhang; Jianping Liu; Lisha Mao; Ruorong Luo; Yunjun Xiao // Food & Nutrition Bulletin;Sep2013, Vol. 34 Issue 3, p331 

    Background. Since universal salt iodization (USI) was implemented in Shenzhen, China, in 1996, evaluation of the time trend of USI to indicate the control of iodinedeficiency disorders has not been performed. Objective. To assess the time trend of median urinary iodine and total goiter rates...

  • Continuous Adequate Iodine Supplementation in Fars Province: The 2007 Goiter and Urinary Iodine Excretion Survey in Schoolchildren. Amouzegar, Atieh; Delshad, Hossein; Mehraein, Mehran; Mehran, Ladan; Safarkhani, Maryam; Azizi, Fereidoun // Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences;Mar2010, Vol. 35 Issue 1, p16 

    Background: The iodine deficiency elimination program that began two decades ago resulted in Iran becoming an iodine deficiency disorders free country in the Middle East region. The present study was performed to evaluate the adequacy of iodine supplementation after 17 years of universal salt...

  • Iodine deficiency disorders in the Maldives: A public health problem. Cs Pandav; M Rasheed; I Solih; M Saeed; M Shaheed; A Awal; K Anand; R Shreshta; Pandav, Cs // Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Mar1999, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p9 

    Because the Maldives is a country of islands it has been assumed, until now, that iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) are not a public health problem. However, no systematic scientific survey has been carried out to assess the status of IDD in the Maldives. This study represents the first IDD...

  • Salt of life dries up in Asia.  // Asian Pacific Post;11/22/2012, p10 

    The article focuses on the use of iodine-fortified table salt and the prevalence of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD).

  • Iodine deficiency in Europe and its consequences: an update. Delange, François // European Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging;2002 Supplement, Vol. 29 Issue 8, pS404 

    This paper updates the information on the prevalence of the disorders induced by iodine deficiency (IDD) in Europe. Thirty-two European countries were still affected by mild to severe iodine deficiency in the late 1990s. The most severely affected countries were in Eastern Europe, including...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics