Dietary Patterns and Incident Type 2 Diabetes in Chinese Men and Women

April 2011
Diabetes Care;Apr2011, Vol. 34 Issue 4, p880
Academic Journal
OBJECTIVE--To empirically derive dietary patterns and examine their association with incident type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS--We used data from the Singapore Chinese Health Study, including 43,176 Chinese men and women (aged 45-74 years), free of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer at baseline (1993-1998) and followed up through 2004. Two major dietary patterns were identified using principal components analysis: a vegetable, fruit, and soy-rich pattern (VFS) and a dim sum and meat-rich pattern (DSM). Pattern scores for each participant were calculated and examined with type 2 diabetes risk using Cox regression. RESULTS--The associations of the two dietary patterns with diabetes risk were modified by smoking status. Neither pattern was associated with risk of diabetes in ever smokers. In never smokers, the VFS dietary pattern was inversely associated with risk of type 2 diabetes. Compared with the lowest quintile of the VFS dietary pattern score, the hazard ratios (HRs) for quintiles 2-5 were 0.91, 0.82, 0.73, and 0.75 (P = 0.0005 for trend). The DSM dietary pattern was positively associated with risk of type 2 diabetes in never smokers, with HRs for quintiles 2-5 of 1.07, 1.25, 1.18, and 1.47 (P < 0.0001 for trend). CONCLUSIONS--A dietary pattern with higher intake of vegetables, fruits, and soy foods was inversely associated with risk of incident type 2 diabetes, and a pattern with higher intake of dim sum, meat and processed meat, sweetened foods and beverages, and fried foods was associated with a significantly increased risk of type 2 diabetes in Chinese men and women in Singapore.


Related Articles

  • Cholesterol clear. Layne, Mark // Echo Magazine;12/15/2005, Vol. 17 Issue 7, p54 

    The article presents tips for a balanced diet. Lean meats should be chosen for source of protein such as chicken, turkey and beef. Dairy products are key source of protein, vitamins and calcium. Fresh fruits and vegetables are important in a diet to improve health.

  • MULTIPLE FOOD ELIMINATION DIET.  // MMRC Health Educator Reports;2003, p1 

    Suggests tips for the multiple food elimination diet. Cereals; Fruits; Vegetables; Meats; Beverages.

  • Relevance of Meat Fat Content and Fruit and Vegetable Intake for the Oxidative Status of Pigs. Rezar, V.; Pajk, T.; Levart, A.; Salobir, K.; Krsnik, M.; Osredkar, J.; Salobir, J. // Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism;Jan2006, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p74 

    Background: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of substituting lean meat with fat meat on oxidative stress in a diet with or without fruit and vegetables. Methods: Thirty-two pigs were divided into groups and fed isocaloric daily rations: LM+FV (balanced diet with lean meat...

  • clever tips to boost your diet. Foster, Helen // Good Health (Australia Edition);Jan2010, p130 

    The article offers ways to boost diet. It suggests avoiding cutting vegetables to retain the nutrients, chewing the food well, adding a side salad a day to boost intake of folate, and eating the skin of the vegetable and fruit. It also recommends cooking the vegetables, buying cloudy apple juice...

  • Predictors of adherence to a Mediterranean-type diet in the PREDIMED trial. Zazpe, Itziar; Estruch, Ramón; Toledo, Estefanía; Sánchez-Taínta, Ana; Corella, Dolores; Bulló, Mónica; Fiol, Miquel; Iglesias, Pablo; Gómez-Gracia, Enrique; Arós, Fernando; Ros, Emilio; Schröder, Helmut; Serra-Majem, Lluis; Pintó, Xavier; Lamuela-Raventós, Rosa; Ruiz-Gutiérrez, Valentina; Martínez-Gonzólez, Miguel Ángel // European Journal of Nutrition;Mar2010, Vol. 49 Issue 2, p91 

    Determinants of dietary changes obtained with a nutritional intervention promoting the Mediterranean diet have been rarely evaluated. To identify predictors of higher success of an intervention aimed to increase adherence to a Mediterranean diet (MeDiet) in individuals at high cardiovascular...

  • Dietary patterns and their socio-demographic determinants in 10 European countries: data from the DAFNE databank. Naska, A.; Fouskakis, D.; Oikonomou, E.; Almeida, M. D. V.; Berg, M. A.; Gedrich, K.; Moreiras, O.; Nelson, M.; Trygg, K.; Turrini, A.; Remaut, A. M.; Volatier, J. L.; Trichopoulou, A. // European Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Feb2006, Vol. 60 Issue 2, p181 

    Objective:To describe the dietary patterns of 10 European countries and their socio-demographic determinants, using the comparable between-countries DAFNE data.Design:Analysis of standardized and postharmonized data collected through the national household budget surveys.Setting:Nationally...

  • Are the Dietary Guidelines for Meat, Fat, Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Appropriate for Environmental Sustainability? A Review of the Literature. Reynolds, Christian John; Buckley, Jonathan David; Weinstein, Philip; Boland, John // Nutrients;Jun2014, Vol. 6 Issue 6, p2251 

    This paper reviews the current literature around the environmental impacts of dietary recommendations. The focus of the review is on collating evidence relating to environmental impacts of the dietary advice found in the World Health Organisation guidelines, and environmental impact literature:...

  • Diet Comes First in Matters of the Heart.  // India Today;6/4/2012, p19 

    The article discusses the relationship between diet, lifestyle and heart disease. The author explains that Indians are three times more vulnerable to heart disease compared to Europeans, as well as prone to heart attacks at a younger age. According to the body, the human body and digestive...

  • So Easy, a Paleolithic Man Could Do It. Young, Lisa; Hagerty, Sarah // What's Up? Annapolis;Oct2011, p157 

    The article offers information related to caveman diet or the diet practice by the people during the Paleolithic period. It says that people during the Paleolithic or Stone Age period just depends on the things they pick and trap for food. It mentions that the Stone Age humans' exercise routine...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics