TITLE

Dairy Consumption and the Incidence of Hyperglycemia and the Metabolic Syndrome

AUTHOR(S)
FUMERON, FRÉDÉRIC; LAMRI, AMEL; KHALIL, CHARBEL ABI; JAZIRI, RIPHED; PORCHAY-BALDÉRELLI, ISABELLE; LANTIERI, OLIVIER; VOL, SYLVIANE; BALKAU, BEVERLEY; MARRE, MICHEL
PUB. DATE
April 2011
SOURCE
Diabetes Care;Apr2011, Vol. 34 Issue 4, p813
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVE--In the French Data from the Epidemiological Study on the Insulin Resistance Syndrome (DESIR) cohort, cross-sectional analyses have shown that a higher consumption of dairy products and calcium are associated with a lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). We assess the influence of dairy products on 9-year incident MetS and on impaired tasting glycemia and/or type 2 diabetes (IFG/T2D). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS--Men and women who completed a food frequency questionnaire at baseline and after 3 years were studied (n = 3,435). Logistic regression models were used to study associations between the average year 0 and year 3 consumption of milk and dairy products, cheese, dietary calcium density, and incident MetS and IFG/T2D after adjusting for 1) sex, age, alcohol, smoking, physical activity, fat intake and 2) additionally for BMI. Associations between dairy products and continuous variables were studied by repeated-measures ANCOVA, using the same covariates. RESULTS--Dairy products other than cheese, and dietary calcium density, were inversely associated with incident MetS and IFG/T2D; cheese was negatively associated with incident MetS. All three parameters were associated with lower diastolic blood pressure, and with a lower BMI gain. Higher cheese intake and calcium density were associated with a lower increase in waist circumference and lower triglyceride levels. Calcium density was also associated with a lower systolic blood pressure and a tower 9-year increase in plasma triglyceride levels. CONCLUSIONS--A higher consumption of dairy products and calcium was associated with a lower 9-year incidence of MetS and IFG/T2D in a large cohort drawn from the general population.
ACCESSION #
60705060

 

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