The Burnham Distinction

January 1982
National Review;1/22/1982, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p18
The article discusses the difference between totalitarianism and authoritarianism. In his article in "The Wall Street Journal," Vermont Royster has observed that the neoconservatives are getting all the applause, for reiterating perceptions and theories cultivated years ago by conservatives. The distinction between totalitarian and authoritarian regimes was developed by James Burnham in an important series of columns for this journal. Under authoritarian governments, Burnham wrote, economic, religious, intellectual, and scientific freedoms, and the freedom to travel and to emigrate, are frequently respected.


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