The study of craniofacial morphology and skeletal maturation in insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile diabetes

Chandrashekhar, M. Hallolli; Padmini, M. N.; Chandralekha, B.; Parekh, Jaineel
February 2011
Journal of International Oral Health;2011, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p7
Academic Journal
Objective: (1)To study the craniofacial morphology of Juvenile diabetes (2) To investigate the effect of Juvenile diabetes on the general growth and skeletal maturation of the affected patients(3)To analyze the pattern of association between craniofacial morphology and skeletal maturation in juvenile diabetes Materials and Methods: Experimental group consisted of 20 male juvenile diabetes mellitus aged between 12-16 years and control group consisted of 20 normal males in the same age range (12 to 16 years) without a display of any disease that could affect general body development or craniofacial morphology. Lateral cephalogram and hand-wrist radiographs were taken for each subject, 31 cephalometric linear and angular measurements and skeletal maturity parameters such as height, weight and differences between chronological and skeletal ages were collected. To measure the linear correlation between different craniofacial parameters and skeletal age decrease, correlation co-efficient was computed. If 'P' value was less than the level of significance (0.05) it was concluded that correlation was significant.


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