Impact of vitamin A supplementation on infant and childhood mortality
- Vitamin A & Avian Flu. Cohen, Marcus A. // Townsend Letter;Feb/Mar2006, Issue 271/272, p129
The article offers information on the effectiveness of Vitamin A in preventing from getting an influenza A H5N1 virus in Taiwan. An influenza virus is capable of deadly human-to-human transmission. Vitamin A is an evidently effective and inexpensive antidote to H5N1. It has also demonstrated...
- The Role of Disease Transmission and Conferred Immunity in Outbreaks: Analysis of the 1993 Cryptosporidium Outbreak in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Eisenberg, Joseph N. S.; Xiudong Lei; Hubbard, Alan H.; Brookhart, M. Alan; Colford Jr., John M. // American Journal of Epidemiology;Jan2005, Vol. 161 Issue 1, p62
The authors examined two competing hypotheses regarding the cause of the 1993 Cryptosporidium outbreak in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The first was that oocyst contamination of the drinking-water influent, coupled with a treatment plant failure, resulted in a point-source outbreak. The second was that...
- Flight behavior of adult Culicoides oxystoma and Culicoides maculatus under different temperatures in the laboratory. Tsutsui, Toshiyuki; Hayama, Yoko; Yamakawa, Makoto; Shirafuji, Hiroaki; Yanase, Tohru // Parasitology Research;Jun2011, Vol. 108 Issue 6, p1575
The flight behavior of adult Culicoides biting midges is associated with their likelihood to reach nearby host animals and spread diseases. Therefore, evaluating the effects of atmospheric factors on the flight performances of these insects is important for understanding the spread of diseases...
- Shorter time to TB culture detection related to high transmission risk. // Infectious Disease News;May2014, Vol. 27 Issue 5, p20
The article reports on the association of shorter time to tuberculosis (TB) culture detection and an increased risk for transmission of the disease, according to researchers from the Heartlands Hospital in Birmingham, England, published in the periodical "Clinical Infectious Diseases."
- Polymorphism of SERPINE2 gene is associated with pulmonary emphysema in consecutive autopsy cases. Fujimoto, Koichi; Ikeda, Shinobu; Arai, Tomio; Tanaka, Noriko; Kumasaka, Toshio; Ishii, Takeo; Kida, Kozui; Muramatsu, Masaaki; Sawabe, Motoji // BMC Medical Genetics;2010, Vol. 11, p159
Background: The SERPINA1, SERPINA3, and SERPINE2 genes, which encode antiproteases, have been proposed to be susceptible genes for of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and related phenotypes. Whether they are associated with emphysema is not known. Methods: Twelve previously reported...
- The cryptic nature of cryptosporidiosis. Weir, Erica // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;6/12/2001, Vol. 164 Issue 12, p1743
Focuses on cryptosporidiosis, an acute, self-limiting diarrheal disease. Symptoms; Infection through fecal contact and contaminated water; Surveys indicating that most North American adults have had cryptosporidiosis; Epidemiology; Steps to prevent spread and outbreak; Treatment options.
- Cryptosporidiosis in Hospital Personnel. Koch, Kenneth L.; Phillips, Debra J.; Aber, Robert C.; Current, William L. // Annals of Internal Medicine;May85, Vol. 102 Issue 5, p593
Presents a case report of an intern responsible for the care of a patient with chronic cryptosporidiosis who developed acute diarrhea and serologic evidence of cryptosporidium infection. Medical record of the patient; Methodology; Results and discussion.
- Updated guidelines on tuberculosis and air travel. // Weekly Epidemiological Record;6/6/2008, Vol. 83 Issue 23, p209
The article discusses the changes integrated into the third edition of "Tuberculosis and Air Travel: Guidelines for Prevention and Control." This updated version addresses the concerns about transmission of tuberculosis (TB) during air travel. Changes integrated into the guideline include case...
- tuÂ·berÂ·cuÂ·loÂ·sis. // American Heritage Student Science Dictionary;2009, p352
A reference entry for "tuberculosis" is presented. It is defined as a contagious disease caused by a bacterium and characterized by abnormal growths in the lungs or other body tissues. It is most often transmitted by breathing contaminated air.