Health-promoting behaviors and social support of women of reproductive age, and strategies for advancing their health: Protocol for a mixed methods study

Baheiraei, Azam; Mirghafourvand, Mojgan; Mohammadi, Eesa; Nedjat, Saharnaz; Charandabi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh; Rajabi, Fatemeh; Majdzadeh, Reza
January 2011
BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p191
Academic Journal
Background: Determining the health-promoting behaviors of women during the important period of reproduction provides valuable information for designing appropriate intervention programs for advancing women's health. There is no study on the health-promoting behaviors of women of reproductive age in Iran. Thus, the aim of this study is to explore these health-promoting behaviors for the purpose of developing comprehensive and culturally sensitive health advancement strategies for Iranian women. Methods/Design: This study has a sequential explanatory mixed methods design. The follow-up explanation model is used to elaborate the quantitative results by collecting qualitative data from participants who could best assist in elucidating the results. The study is conducted in two sequential phases. The first phase is a populationbased cross-sectional survey in which 1350 Iranian women of reproductive age are selected by proportional random multistage cluster sampling of the 22 main municipal sectors of Tehran, Iran. Questionnaires are completed through a face-to-face interview. The second phase is a qualitative study in which participants are selected using purposive sampling in the form of extreme case sampling on the basis of health-promoting behavior scores. The qualitative phase is based on data collected from focus group discussions or individual indepth interviews. A conventional qualitative content analysis approach is used, and the data are managed with a computer-assisted program. Women's health-promoting strategies are developed using the qualitative and quantitative results, a review of the related literature, and the nominal group technique among experts. Discussion: The findings of this mixed methods sequential explanatory study, obtained using a culturally sensitive approach, provide insights into the health behavioral factors that need to be considered if preventive strategies and intervention programs are to be designed to promote women's health in the community.


Related Articles

  • Reproductive desire in women with HIV infection in Spain, associated factors and motivations: a mixed-method study. Hernando, Victoria; Alejos, Belén; Álvarez, Débora; Montero, Marta; Jesús Pérez-Elías4, M.; Blanco, Jose Ramón; Masiá, Mar; del Romero, Jorge; de los Santos, Ignacio; Rio, Isabel; Llácer, Alicia // BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth;2014, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p1 

    Background Antiretroviral therapy has created new expectations in the possibilities of procreation for persons living with HIV. Our objectives were to evaluate reproductive desire and to analyze the associated sociodemographic and clinical factors in HIV-infected women in the Spanish AIDS...

  • Perceived Social Support and Preventive Health Behavioral Outcomes among Older Women. Harvey, Idethia; Alexander, Kezia // Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology;Sep2012, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p275 

    Although research has documented that social support is a positive pathway to healthpromoting behavioral practices, very few longitudinal studies have assessed the relationship between social support and health-promoting behaviors among older, diverse women. Three waves of data from the...

  • Grandma's "Pill". Mills, Whitney // Perspectives (University of New Hampshire);2013, p4 

    This is a qualitative study that explores the experiences of women and the creation of the birth control pill. The study results from interviews with three women over the age of sixty-five, all of which were of reproductive age during the unveiling of the contraceptive pill in the United States....

  • Prescription Medication Borrowing and Sharing among Women of Reproductive Age. Petersen, Emily E.; Rasmussen, Sonja A.; Daniel, Katherine Lyon; Yazdy, Mahsa M.; Honein, Margaret A. // Journal of Women's Health (15409996);Sep2008, Vol. 17 Issue 7, p1073 

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe the patterns of prescription medication borrowing and sharing among adults, particularly women of reproductive age. Methods: Data were collected from the 2001–2006 HealthStyles surveys, an annual mail survey conducted in the United...

  • Red alert ob/gyn.  // Redbook;Jun2001, Vol. 196 Issue 6, p35 

    Presents information on the reproductive health of women.

  • Reproductive health study finds US women at high risk.  // Off Our Backs;Apr2001, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p4 

    Reveals that women in the United States have higher reproductive health risks than women in Singapore, Australia and Europe. Comparison with reproductive health risks of women in Africa and Afghanistan; Results of survey of 133 countries; Factors that determine each country's risk index.

  • YOUR SEX HEALTH TO-DO LIST FOR '03. Kim, Lillian Lee // Glamour;Jan2003, Vol. 101 Issue 1, p53 

    Presents steps that a woman can take for her sexual health. Physical self-examination; Enhancement of sexual pleasure; Importance of not shying away from asking the doctor even the most embarrassing questions.

  • COSMO GYNO. Califano, Julia // Cosmopolitan;Jun2001, Vol. 230 Issue 6, p126 

    Provides information on women's reproductive health, including facts on lower abdomen cramps.

  • CME Questions.  // OB/GYN Clinical Alert;Dec2008, Vol. 25 Issue 8, p64 

    A quiz concerning the developments in female reproductive medicine is presented.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics