TITLE

Gender differences in suicidal expressions and their determinants among young people in Cambodia, a post-conflict country

AUTHOR(S)
Jegannathan, Bhoomikumar; Kullgren, Gunnar
PUB. DATE
January 2011
SOURCE
BMC Psychiatry;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p47
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Suicide among young people is a global public health problem, but adequate information on determinants of suicidal expression is lacking in middle and low income countries. Young people in transitional economies are vulnerable to psychosocial stressors and suicidal expressions. This study explores the suicidal expressions and their determinants among high school students in Cambodia, with specific focus on gender differences. Methods: A sample of 320 young people, consisting of 153 boys and 167 girls between 15-18 years of age, was randomly selected from two high schools in Cambodia. Their self-reported suicidal expressions, mental health problems, life-skills dimensions, and exposure to suicidal behavior in others were measured using the Youth Self-Report (YSR), Life-Skills Development Scale (LSDS)-Adolescent Form, and Attitude Towards Suicide (ATTS) questionnaires. Results: Suicidal plans were reported more often by teenage boys than teenage girls (M = 17.3%, F = 5.6%, p = 0.001), whereas girls reported more attempts (M = 0.6%, F = 7.8%, p = 0.012). Young men scored significantly higher on rule-breaking behavior than young women (p = 0.001), whereas young women scored higher on anxious/depression (p = 0.000), withdrawn/depression (p = 0.002), somatic complaints (p = 0.034), social problems (p = 0.006), and internalizing syndrome (p = 0.000). Young men exposed to suicide had significantly higher scores for internalizing syndrome compared to those unexposed (p = 0.001), while young women exposed to suicide scored significantly higher on both internalizing (p = 0.001) and externalizing syndromes (p = 0.012). Any type of exposure to suicidal expressions increased the risk for own suicidal expressions in both genders (OR = 2.04, 95% CI = 1.06-3.91); among young women, however, those exposed to suicide among friends and partners were at greater risk for the serious suicidal expressions (OR = 2.79, 95% CI = 1.00-7.74). Life skills dimension scores inversely correlated with externalizing syndrome in young men (p = 0.026) and internalizing syndrome in young women (p = 0.001). Conclusions: The significant gender differences in suicidal expressions and their determinants in Cambodian teenagers highlight the importance of culturally appropriate and gender-specific suicide prevention programs. School-based life skills promotion may indirectly influence the determinants for suicidal expressions, particularly among young women with internalizing syndrome in Cambodia.
ACCESSION #
60407114

 

Related Articles

  • Risk factors related to suicidal behavior among male and... Vannatta, Rachel A. // Journal of Youth & Adolescence;Apr96, Vol. 25 Issue 2, p149 

    Examines the differences in self-reported suicidal behavior among male and female adolescents, in relation to risk factors of tobacco, alcohol and drug use, school misconduct; academic difficulties, home environment, sexual activity and violence, in a northern Mid-west school district, in the...

  • Sex differences in suicide notes. Lester, David; Linn, Margaret // Psychological Reports;Jun97 Part 2, Vol. 80 Issue 3, p1302 

    Presents information on the differences of motives in disrupted interpersonal relationship among suicidal men and women in Germany. Information on the ratings of both sexes.

  • Youth at risk.  // Advocate;10/14/97, Issue 744, p15 

    Presents a research conducted by pediatrician Gary Remafedi on suicidal tendencies among teenage gay, bisexual males, lesbian teens and heterosexual males and females in the University of Minnesota. Findings of the study; Difference in peer pressure susceptibility between gays and lesbians...

  • Suicidal ideation among outpatients at general neurology clinics: prospective study. Carson, Alan J // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);05/13/2000, Vol. 320 Issue 7245, p1311 

    Presents information on a study which examined suicidal ideation in a consecutive series of patients who had been referred to general neurology outpatient clinics in Great Britain. Gender differences in suicidal ideation; Clinical characteristics of patients; Methodology of the study; Results...

  • WOMEN'S HEALTH: BEYOND OB/GYNE. Allison, Melody M. // Indiana Libraries;2005, Vol. 24 Issue 3, p39 

    The article focuses on sex-based biomedical research findings that could assist librarians and information providers in rendering services and resources for evidence-based patient care in the U.S. There are several resources in gender-specific biology and medicine that are useful for librarians....

  • Women-friendly health research and care.  // Women's International Network News;Autumn94, Vol. 20 Issue 4, p20 

    Comments on the conduct of medical research that makes information on men representative of women's health issues. Emphasis on gender differences; Legislation for promotion of health equity; Establishment of women's medical practices for and by women.

  • Exploring Gender Difference in Suicidal Behavior Among Adolescent Offenders: Findings and Implications. Miller, Darcy // Journal of Correctional Education;Sep1994, Vol. 45 Issue 3, p134 

    Little is known about the gender characteristics of the suicidal behavior of adolescent offenders. While we know that among the general adolescent population, females think about and attempt suicide more often than male adolescents, this phenomenon has not received much research attention with...

  • The sex ratio in American Indian suicides. Lester, David // Psychological Reports;Oct97, Vol. 81 Issue 2, p506 

    Reports that the suicide rates in 1980 in the 12 regions of the Indian Health Service were strongly associated with the number of households in each region. Who provided data for the number of suicides committed by men in 1981-1983 in each of these regions; Listing of social indicators that may...

  • Women Less Likely Than Men to Commit Suicide.  // USA Today Magazine;Apr2001, Vol. 129 Issue 2671, p10 

    Supports an idea in the United States which considered women to be at a lesser risk for suicide than men. Ways women react to problems; Purpose of an attempted suicide; Tendency of men to set aside things during problem-solving.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics