Anticipatory systems as linguistic systems

Ekdahl, Bertil
May 2000
AIP Conference Proceedings;2000, Vol. 517 Issue 1, p131
Academic Journal
The idea of system is well established although not well defined. What makes up a system depends on the observer. Thinking in terms of systems is only a convenient way to conceptualize organizations, natural or artificial, that show coherent properties. Among all properties, which can be ascribed to systems, one property seems to be more outstanding than others, namely that of being anticipatory. In nature, anticipatory properties are found only in living organizations. In this way it can be said to separate non-living systems from living because there is no indication that any natural phenomenon occurring in systems where there is no indication of life is anticipatory. The characteristic of living systems is that they are exposed to the evolution contrary to causal systems that do not undergo changes due to the influence of the environment. Causal systems are related to the past in such a way that subsequent situations can be calculated from knowledge of past situations. In causal systems the past is the cause of the present and there is no reference to the future as a determining agent, contrary to anticipatory systems where expectations are the cause of the present action. Since anticipatory properties are characteristic of living systems, this property, as all other properties in living systems, is a result of the evolution and can be found in plants as well as in animals. Thus, it is not only tied to consciousness but is found at a more basic level, i.e., in the interplay between genotype and phenotype. Anticipation is part of the genetic language in such a way that appropriate actions, for events in the anticipatory systems environment, are inscribed in the genes. Anticipatory behavior, as a result of the interpretation of the genetic language, has been selected by the evolution. In this paper anticipatory systems are regarded as linguistic systems and I argue that as such anticipation cannot be fragmented but must be holistically studied. This has t...


Related Articles

  • Evidence of Anticipatory Eye Movements in the Spatial Hebb Repetition Effect: Insights for Modeling Sequence Learning. Tremblay, Sébastien; Saint-Aubin, Jean // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory & Cognition;Sep2009, Vol. 35 Issue 5, p1256 

    In the present study, the authors offer a window onto the mechanisms that drive the Hebb repetition effect through the analysis of eye movement and recall performance. In a spatial serial recall task in which sequences of dots are to be remembered in order, when one particular series is repeated...

  • The Role of Situation-specific and Chronic Secondary Goals in Judgments of Message Plan Acceptability. Meyer, Janet // Conference Papers -- National Communication Association;2007, p1 

    Prior to speaking, persons sometimes anticipate possible outcomes of a message. On the basis of the outcomes, the message is judged either acceptable or unacceptable to say. This study is concerned with the factors that influence whether a message expected to conflict with a secondary...

  • Iffy predictions and proper expectations. Benton, Matthew; Turri, John // Synthese;May2014, Vol. 191 Issue 8, p1857 

    What individuates the speech act of prediction? The standard view is that prediction is individuated by the fact that it is the unique speech act that requires future-directed content. We argue against this view and two successor views. We then lay out several other potential strategies for...

  • Using the three e's (emphasis, expectations, and evaluation) to structure writing objectives for pharmacy practice experiences.  // American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy;4/1/2010, Vol. 67 Issue 7, p516 

    The article focuses on the significance of emphasis, expectations, and evaluation (three e's) as a structure in writing objectives for introductory and advance pharmacy practice experiences (IPPEs & APPEs). It states that the structure will help in meeting the Standard 14 of the Accreditation...

  • Don't stop thinking about tomorrow. CLUBB, SHAWN // West County Journal;12/26/2012, Vol. 48 Issue 52, pB1 

    The author presents the author's advice not to spend too much time worrying about tomorrow but be happy when it comes and do not to spend too much time in regretting the past but instead learning to enjoy the here and now.

  • Anticipation Yields Great Expectations. Leszak, John L. // Mekeel's & Stamps Magazine;01/26/2001, Vol. 188 Issue 4, p6 

    Presents an article on anticipation in philately.

  • Why Deals Fail. Spira, Robert M. // Traffic World;8/16/99, Vol. 259 Issue 7, p19 

    Focuses on the reason for the failure of deals. Role of information gap in the failure of deals; Change in needs or in service capabilities; Presentation of too much expectation on the deal.

  • What's Behind Door Number Three? Agees, Voltere // Interior Design;Dec2001, Vol. 72 Issue 15, p175 

    Focuses on the anticipation regarding the passing of the year 2001. Hope for the graciousness of the new year ahead; Tolerance for the routines of trade winter; Pessimism towards company parties during the Holiday season.

  • Engine tweaks set to boost F3 Cup entries.  // Motor Sport News: The Voice of British Motorsport;9/28/2011, p13 

    The article reports on the expectation of MotorSports Vision (MSV) Formula 3 (F3) Cup organizers on the changes of series' engine regulations in 2013.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics