Improved nuclear safety through international standards

Doctor, S. R.; Moffitt, R. L.; Taylor, T. T.; Trosman, G.
May 2000
AIP Conference Proceedings;2000, Vol. 509 Issue 1, p25
Academic Journal
In this shrinking world, what happens in an industry in one country can significantly affect the same industry elsewhere around the globe. In April 1986, a nuclear accident destroyed Unit 4 of Ukraine’s Chernobyl nuclear power plant, focusing worldwide attention on the dozens of Soviet-designed reactors still in operation. The Chemobyl accident led to public concerns about all operating nuclear power plants and, in some countries (e.g., Italy and Sweden), to proposals for nationwide plant closures or moratoriums on new construction. However, for most former Soviet Union countries, plant shutdown was and still is not a viable option—the plants produce a significant percentage of each nation’s total electricity, and those countries do not have sufficient economic resources to develop alternative power sources. In cooperation with similar programs initiated in Canada, Japan, and western European countries, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is conducting a comprehensive effort to reduce risks at Soviet-designed nuclear power plants until they can be shut down or brought into compliance with international standards. This paper describes DOE-supported initiatives with participating host countries to: • improve reliability and accuracy of nondestructive evaluation equipment used for in-service inspection • transfer technologies and infrastructure to improve in-service inspections • enhance management systems for training and certifying host-country in-service inspection personnel The goal of these initiatives to enhance the use of international standards (ASME, ASNT, European Standards EN, and ISO) in operating and regulatory practices at Soviet-designed nuclear power plants. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.


Related Articles

  • HAPPY ATOMIC ANNIVERSARY.  // Ecologist;Mar2004, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p22 

    Highlights the 25th anniversary of the Three Mile Island nuclear accident in Pennsylvania. Concerns on the possibility of experiencing the same incident with other nuclear plants; Information on report of U.S. Department of Energy on the violations committed by the security guards of the Y-12...

  • Nuclear Insurers, Energy Dept. Urge Congress to Renew Price-Anderson.  // Risk Management (00355593);Jul86, Vol. 33 Issue 7, p54 

    This article reports that the nuclear insurance industry and the U.S. Department of Energy have asked the Congress for the renewal of the Price-Anderson Act. The legislation governs liability in the event of an accidental discharge of radiation from civilian nuclear facilities in the country....

  • Reactor Revival. Sykes, Kate // PM Network;Mar2015, Vol. 29 Issue 3, p6 

    The article looks into the revival of nuclear projects years after the nuclear power plant disaster in Fukushima, Japan. Estimates show the global nuclear generation capacity by 2040. It reports the loan guarantees from the U.S. Department of Energy for nuclear projects that reduce greenhouse...

  • Risky Nuclear Initiative Postponed.  // Catalyst (1539-3410);Summer2014, Vol. 14, p4 

    The article reports that the proposed nuclear fuel production plant for mixed-oxide (MOX) initiative, under construction in South Carolina, has been postponed by the U.S. Department of Energy due to its significant security risk.

  • DOE Seeks $9 Billion More In Loan Authority for New Nukes.  // ENR: Engineering News-Record;5/10/2010, Vol. 264 Issue 15, p7 

    The article reports on the additional nine billion U.S. dollars in loan-guarantee authority sought by the U.S. Energy Department from the U.S. Congress for nuclear powerplants.

  • Nuclear materials.  // Presidents & Prime Ministers;Nov/Dec96, Vol. 5 Issue 6, p18 

    Announces that the United States Department of Energy initiated the upgrade of nuclear material control and accounting at the Sosny Scientific and Technical Center in Belarus. Information about the Belarus site; Statement of US Secretary of Energy on the completion of the upgrade.

  • Broad Array of Offshore Firms Provide Help at Fukushima. Russell, Pam // ENR: Engineering News-Record;12/19/2011, Vol. 267 Issue 18, p14 

    The article looks at the international private companies and foreign government agencies that provided assistance in remediation of the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi disaster in Japan. Topics include the contribution of a radiation-resistant robot by the U.S. Department of Energy Idaho National...

  • U.S. Instrumentation Update. Hashemian, H. M. // Nuclear Plant Journal;Jan/Feb2015, Vol. 33 Issue 1, p30 

    The author comments on the U.S. instrumentation update for monitoring of spent fuel pools after the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident in Japan. It describes robotic application in instrumentation and sensor calibration and maintenance, how aging degradation and failure mechanisms can be...

  • STALEMATE IN THE SOUTH. Piacente, Steve // Government Executive;Jul2002, Vol. 34 Issue 9, p62 

    Details the resistance faced by the U.S. Department of Energy regarding the disposal of nuclear waste energy. Protest against constructing plants converting plutonium to nuclear reactor fuel in North Carolina; Debate over the establishment of the national radioactive waste repository in the...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics