Quantitative impedance measurements for eddy current model validation

Khan, T. A.; Nakagawa, N.
May 2000
AIP Conference Proceedings;2000, Vol. 509 Issue 1, p441
Academic Journal
This paper reports on a series of laboratory-based impedance measurement data, collected by the use of a quantitatively accurate, mechanically controlled measurement station. The purpose of the measurement is to validate a BEM-based eddy current model against experiment. We have therefore selected two “validation probes,” which are both split-D differential probes. Their internal structures and dimensions are extracted from x-ray CT scan data, and thus known within the measurement tolerance. A series of measurements was carried out, using the validation probes and two Ti-6Al-4V block specimens, one containing two 1-mm long fatigue cracks, and the other containing six EDM notches of a range of sizes. Motor-controlled XY scanner performed raster scans over the cracks, with the probe riding on the surface with a spring-loaded mechanism to maintain the lift off. Both an impedance analyzer and a commercial EC instrument were used in the measurement. The probes were driven in both differential and single-coil modes for the specific purpose of model validation. The differential measurements were done exclusively by the eddyscope, while the single-coil data were taken with both the impedance analyzer and the eddyscope. From the single-coil measurements, we obtained the transfer function to translate the voltage output of the eddyscope into impedance values, and then used it to translate the differential measurement data into impedance results. The presentation will highlight the schematics of the measurement procedure, a representative of raw data, explanation of the post data-processing procedure, and then a series of resulting 2D flaw impedance results. A noise estimation will be given also, in order to quantify the accuracy of these measurements, and to be used in probability-of-detection estimation.—This work was supported by the NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Program. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.


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