Transport properties and efficiency of elastically coupled particles in asymmetric periodic potentials

Igarashi, Akito; Tsukamoto, Shinji
February 2000
AIP Conference Proceedings;2000, Vol. 502 Issue 1, p319
Academic Journal
Biological molecular motors drive unidirectional transport and transduce chemical energy to mechanical work. In order to identify this energy conversion which is a common feature of molecular motors, many workers have studied various physical models, which consist of Brownian particles in spatially periodic potentials. Most of the models are, however, based on “single-particle” dynamics and too simple as models for biological motors, especially for actin-myosin motors, which cause muscle contraction. In this paper, particles coupled by elastic strings in an asymmetric periodic potential are considered as a model for the motors. We investigate the dynamics of the model and calculate the efficiency of energy conversion with the use of molecular dynamical method. In particular, we find that the velocity and efficiency of the elastically coupled particles where the natural length of the springs is incommensurable with the period of the periodic potential are larger than those of the corresponding single particle model. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.


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