Reduction of temperature fluctuation within low temperature region using a cryocooler

Nakamura, Daiki; Hasegawa, Yasuhiro; Murata, Masayuki; Yamamoto, Hiroya; Tsunemi, Fumiaki; Komine, Takashi
April 2011
Review of Scientific Instruments;Apr2011, Vol. 82 Issue 4, p044903
Academic Journal
Modeling and experiments are performed to decrease temperature fluctuation generated by the periodic motion of the displacer in a Gifford-McMahon (GM) type cryocooler within the low-temperature region. The one-dimensional heat equation allows us to show that thermal diffusivity is an essential factor to achieve much smaller temperature fluctuation, and fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) with low thermal diffusivity makes it possible to reduce the temperature fluctuation dramatically. Based on the model, experiments are performed to vary the thickness of two FRP dampers, on the cryohead of the cryocooler and on the sample stage. As a result, the FRP dampers enable us to achieve the temperature fluctuations of only 0.7 mK, corresponding to a standard deviation of 0.25 mK, when the sample stage is maintained at 4.2000 K, even if a GM cryocooler is utilized for cooling the temperature, which introduces an initial temperature fluctuation of 282 mK at the cryohead.


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