Transient spiral and target patterns in vertically oscillated thin granular layers

Jun, Yonggun; Kim, Kipom; Pak, Hyuk Kyu
February 2000
AIP Conference Proceedings;2000, Vol. 501 Issue 1, p43
Academic Journal
Formation dynamics of transient spiral and target patterns are studied for vertically oscillated thin granular layer systems. When the dimensionless acceleration amplitude is changed from 2.5 of a flat pattern state to 3.0 of a steady stripe pattern state by linearly ramping the oscillation amplitude in time at a constant oscillation frequency, two different routes to the stripe pattern are observed depending on the ramping rate. For small ramping rate, spiral or target patterns are formed as an intermediate state before the stripe pattern. For large ramping rate, however, stripe patterns are formed without the transient spiral or target pattern. Furthermore, we study the short time dynamics of spiral and target patterns. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.


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