On dislocation models of grain boundaries

Berdichevsky, Victor
May 2011
Continuum Mechanics & Thermodynamics;May2011, Vol. 23 Issue 3, p185
Academic Journal
Dislocation models of grain boundaries was suggested by Bragg (Proc Phys Soc 52:54-55, ) and Burgers (Proc Phys Soc 52:23-33, ). The first quantitative study of these models was given by Read and Shockley (Phys Rev 78(3):275-289, ). They obtained a formula for the dependence of the grain boundary energy on the misorientation of the neighboring grains, which became a cornerstone of the grain boundary theory. The Read-Shockley formula was based on a proposition that the grain boundary energy is the sum of energies of the two sets of dislocations that come from the two neighboring grains. This proposition was proved under an assumption on a quite special geometry of the slip planes. This paper aims to show that the assumption is not necessary and the proposition holds for arbitrary geometry of slip planes. Another goal of this paper is to provide all basic formulas of the theory: though the dislocation model of grain boundaries is considered in all treatises on dislocation theory, a complete analysis, including the relations for lattice rotations and displacements, has not been given. This analysis shows, in particular, that continuum theory does not yield the proper relations for the lattice misorientations, and these relations must be introduced by an independent ansatz.


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