HIV and systemic lupus erythematosus: the clinical and diagnostic dilemmas of having dual diagnosis

Burton, J.; Vera, J. H.; Kapembwa, M.
December 2010
International Journal of STD & AIDS;Dec2010, Vol. 21 Issue 12, p845
Academic Journal
We present the case of a young black African woman living in the UK who presented with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and HIV. The reported coexistence of HIV and SLE is unusual with fewer than 30 published cases. We discuss some of the clinical and diagnostic challenges that face clinicians when a patient presents with both conditions. In particular, we discuss the overlap in symptoms, signs and laboratory findings, and the difficulties that this may pose in terms of making a diagnosis. The implications that having a dual diagnosis may have for treating each condition are also discussed. With increased HIV testing in a variety of clinical settings there is likely to be an increase in detection of similar cases. This case emphasizes the need for careful diagnostic testing and judicious interpretation of the validity of laboratory results in order to reach an accurate diagnosis in such patients.


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