TITLE

Advanced glycation end products induce the expression of interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 by receptor for advanced glycation end product-mediated activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases and nuclear factor-κB in human osteoarthritis chondrocytes

AUTHOR(S)
Rasheed, Zafar; Akhtar, Nahid; Haqqi, Tariq M.
PUB. DATE
May 2011
SOURCE
Rheumatology;May2011, Vol. 50 Issue 5, p838
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objective. To investigate whether advanced glycation end products (AGEs) induce the expression of IL-6 and IL-8 through the receptor for AGEs (RAGE)-activated pathways in human OA chondrocytes.Methods. OA chondrocytes were stimulated with AGE-modified BSA (AGE-BSA). Gene expression of IL-6 and IL-8 was quantified by TaqMan assays and the production was determined using ELISAs. Immunoblotting was used to analyse the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and the degradation of IκBα. Activation of NF-κB was determined using an ELISA. Pharmacological studies to elucidate the involved pathways were executed using transfection with small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), inhibitors of MAPKs and NF-κB.Results. AGE-BSA induced the expression of IL-6 and IL-8 in OA chondrocytes, which was inhibited by pre-treatment with soluble RAGE (sRAGE) or RAGE knockdown by siRNAs. Treatment with SB202190 (p38-MAPK inhibitor) or PD98059 (ERK inhibitor) inhibited AGE-BSA-induced IL-6 and IL-8 expression. However, SP600125 (JNK inhibitor) had no effect on AGE-BSA-induced IL-6 expression but inhibited the expression of IL-8. Treatment with NF-κB inhibitors suppressed AGE-BSA-induced IL-6 and IL-8 expression.Conclusions. This is the first study to demonstrate that AGEs induce the expression of IL-6 and IL-8 in OA chondrocytes. A novel finding of our studies is that in OA chondrocytes, AGE-BSA-induced expression of IL-6, but not of IL-8, was independent of the JNK pathway. Activation of NF-κB was an absolute requirement for both IL-6 and IL-8 expression. These results demonstrate that AGE-BSA-induced expression of IL-6 and IL-8 via RAGE is mediated through different MAPK signalling pathways in OA and possibly in other degenerative diseases.
ACCESSION #
60156939

 

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