Bare, Bio-Active and Hydrogel-Coated Coils for Endovascular Treatment of Experimentally Induced Aneurysms

Reinges, M. H. T.; Krings, T.; Drexler, A. Y.; Ludolph, A.; Sellhaus, B.; Bovi, M.; Geibprasert, S.; Agid, R.; Scherer, K.; Hans, F. J.
June 2010
Interventional Neuroradiology;giu2010, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p139
Academic Journal
Endovascular treatments of cerebral aneurysms with bare platinum coils have a higher rate of recurrence compared to surgical clipping. This may be related to failed vessel wall reconstruction since histological and scanning electron microscopy results following embolization failed to demonstrate neoendothelialization over the aneurysm neck. The present study tried to elucidate whether the use of modified coils resulted in a better rate of reconstructing the vessel wall over the aneurysm neck in experimental aneurysms. Aneurysms were created in 20 rabbits by intraluminal elastase incubation of the common carotid artery. Five animals each were assigned to the following groups: untreated, bare platinum coils, bioactive coils with polyglycolic/polylactic acid coating, and hydrogel-coated platinum coils. After 12 months, angiography, histology and scanning electron microscopy was performed. No neoendothelial layer was visualized in the bioactive and bare coil groups with a tendency to an increased layering of fibroblasts along the bioactive coils at the aneurysm fundus. However, at the aneurysm neck perfused clefts were present and although a thin fibrinous layer was present over some coils, no bridging neointimal or neoendothial layer was noted over different coils. Following loose Hydro gel coiling, a complete obliteration of the aneurysm was present with neoendothelialization present over different coil loops. The study demonstrates that with surface coil modifications complete and stable aneurysm obliteration may become possible. A smooth and dense surface over the aneurysm neck may be necessary for endothelial cells to bridge the aneurysm neck and to lead to vessel wall reconstruction.


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