TITLE

Endovascular Treatment Accounts for a Change in Brain Arteriovenous Malformation Natural History Risk

AUTHOR(S)
Lv, X.; Wu, Z.; Jiang, C.; Li, Y.; Yang, X.; Zhang, Y.; Lv, M.; Zhang, N.
PUB. DATE
June 2010
SOURCE
Interventional Neuroradiology;giu2010, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p127
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This study estimated the risk and rates of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in patients harboring brain arteriovenous malformation (BAVM) after endovascular embolization. One hundred and forty-four consecutive patients with BAVM treated with endovascular embolization between 1998 and 2003 were retrospectively reviewed. The risk of ICH subsequent to endovascular embolization was studied using Kaplan-Meier curves. We reviewed 144 patients with BAVM treated with endovascular embolization. Two hundred and sixty-nine procedures were performed, 69 were performed with silk sutures, 18 with coils, 137 with NBCA and 36 with Onyx18. Twenty-three (16.0%) patients were treated with additional gamma-knife radiosurgery and one (0.7%) with additional surgical AVM excision. Complete obliteration of BAVMs was achieved in 20 patients (13.9%). During a mean follow-up of 5.9 years for the ICH group and 6.9 years for the non-ICH group, hemorrhages occurred in 11 (17.7%) of the ICH patients and in nine (11%) of the non-ICH group (p>0.1). The annual risk of hemorrhage was 3.0% and 1.6%, respectively. In the multivariate regression model, the adjusted relative risk (RR) for hemorrhage at initial presentation was 1.6 (95% CI 1.2-3.2; p>0.1). Deep venous drainage, male sex, age or AVM size were not significantly associated with subsequent hemorrhage. ICH and non-ICH groups did not differ in progression to subsequent ICH after endovascular embolization (log-rank X2=1.339, p>0.1) in survival analyses. The overall annual hemorrhage risk for all patients after endovascular embolization was 2.1%. Endovascular embolization alone or combined with gamma-knife radiosurgery or surgical treatment are able to decrease ICH occurrence compared to abstention.
ACCESSION #
60144866

 

Related Articles

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics