TITLE

Two spelling programmes that promote understanding of the alphabetic principle in preschool children

AUTHOR(S)
Martins, Margarida Alves&; Silva, Cristina
PUB. DATE
November 2009
SOURCE
Journal of Writing Research;2009, Vol. 1 Issue 3, p225
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Our aim in this study was to test two programmes designed to lead preschool children to use conventional letters to spell the initial consonants of words. These programmes differed in terms of the characteristics of the vowels that followed those consonants. The participants were 45 five-year-old Portuguese children whose spelling was pre-syllabic - they used strings of random letters in their spelling, making no attempt to match the oral to the written language. They were divided into two experimental and a control group. Their age, level of intelligence, and phonological awareness were controlled. Their spelling was assessed in a pre- and a post-test. Inbetween, children from the experimental groups participated in two programmes where they had to think about the relationships between the initial consonant and the corresponding phoneme in different words: In Experimental Group 1, the initial consonants were followed by an open vowel, and in Experimental Group 2, these same consonants were followed by a closed vowel. The control group classified geometric shapes. Experimental Group 1 achieved better results than Experimental Group 2 following open vowels, being more able to generalize the phonological procedures to sounds that were not taught during the programmes. Both experimental groups used conventional letters to represent several phonemes in the post-test whereas the control group continued to produce pre-syllabic spellings.
ACCESSION #
60131863

 

Related Articles

  • Phonology, decoding, and lexical compensation in vowel spelling errors made by children with dyslexia. Bernstein, Stuart // Reading & Writing;Mar2009, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p307 

    A descriptive study of vowel spelling errors made by children first diagnosed with dyslexia ( n = 79) revealed that phonological errors, such as bet for bat, outnumbered orthographic errors, such as bate for bait. These errors were more frequent in nonwords than words, suggesting that lexical...

  • A preliminary investigation of akshara knowledge in the Malayalam alphasyllabary: extension of Nag’s (2007) study. Tiwari, Shivani; Nair, Remya; Krishnan, Gopee // Writing Systems Research;Nov2011, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p145 

    The reading acquisition literature is mainly based on alphabetic orthographies and is largely silent on reading acquisition in alphasyllabic orthographies. In this context, as a preliminary attempt, the present study investigated akshara (orthographic character of alphasyllabary) knowledge in a...

  • Acoustic Classification of Bangla Vowels. Hossain, Syed Akhter; Rahman, M. Lutfar; Ahmed, Farruk // International Journal of Applied Mathematics & Computer Sciences;2008, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p64 

    In this paper, we examined acoustic aspects of Bangla vowels for the purpose of the classification based on the experiments with Bangla disyllabic word pairs. This covered all the Bangla vowels for both male and female speakers in which the first vowel was preceded by a consonant having...

  • Orthographic Guide.  // Trinidad Yoruba: From Mother Tongue To Memory;1996, preceding p1 

    The article discusses how the orthographic conventions of Yoruba and Trinidad Yoruba are set out. According to the article, kp and p are used in Trinidad Yoruba orthography to indicate variant phonetic realizations of the Trinidad Yoruba phoneme /p/. It is stated that the Yoruba orthography...

  • The Sound of Mute Vowels in Auditory Word-Stem Completion. Béland, Renée; Prunet, Jean-François; Peretz, Isabelle // Journal of Psycholinguistic Research;Oct2009, Vol. 38 Issue 5, p415 

    Some studies have argued that orthography can influence speakers when they perform oral language tasks. Words containing a mute vowel provide well-suited stimuli to investigate this phenomenon because mute vowels, such as the second in , are present orthographically but absent...

  • The role of orthography in (apparent) L2 dialect acquisition. Drummond, Rob // English World-Wide;2014, Vol. 35 Issue 3, p338 

    This paper investigates the role of orthographic representation in the production of the local variant of the STRUT vowel in the speech of Polish migrants living in Manchester. A previous study (Drummond 2013) showed that acquisition of the local variant depended on various social factors, yet...

  • Identifying and Predicting Classes of Response to Explicit Phonological Spelling Instruction During Independent Composing. Amtmann, Dagmar; Abbott, Robert D.; Berninger, Virginia W. // Journal of Learning Disabilities;May/Jun2008, Vol. 41 Issue 3, p218 

    After explicit spelling instruction, low achieving second grade spellers increased the number of correctly spelled words during composing but differed in response trajectories. Class 1 (low initial and slow growth) had the lowest initial performance and improved at a relatively slow rate. Class...

  • Letter names and sounds: their implications for the phonetisation process. Silva, Cristina; Almeida, Tiago; Martins, Margarida Alves // Reading & Writing;Feb2010, Vol. 23 Issue 2, p147 

    Our aim was to analyse the impact of the characteristics of words used in spelling programmes and the nature of instructional guidelines on the evolution from grapho-perceptive writing to phonetic writing in preschool children. The participants were 50 5-year-old children, divided in five...

  • Phonemic Awareness. Manning, Maryann // Teaching Pre K-8;Nov/Dec2005, Vol. 36 Issue 3, p68 

    Presents the steps for teachers in determining the level of phonemic awareness (PA) of each of their students. Demonstration of how several words can be divided into phonemes; Observation of invented spelling to determine PA level; PA games that can be played in kindergarten and first grade...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics