TITLE

Management strategies in pancreatic cancer

AUTHOR(S)
Campen, Christopher J.; Dragovich, Tomislav; Baker, Amanda F.
PUB. DATE
April 2011
SOURCE
American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy;4/1/2011, Vol. 68 Issue 7, p573
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose. Current first-line and adjuvant chemotherapeutic strategies for management of patients with pancreatic cancer are reviewed. Summary. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is the 10th most prevalent cancer and the fourth most common cause of cancer deaths in the United States. More than 80% of patients with pancreatic cancer are diagnosed with locally advanced or metastatic disease and are not candidates for surgery; these patients often require multimodal treatment. The most widely used chemotherapy for such patients, as well as patients requiring adjuvant therapy after surgery, is gemcitabine or gemcitabine-based chemotherapy. All current chemotherapies for pancreatic cancer are associated with dose-limiting hematologic toxicity and other adverse effects that require ongoing monitoring and dosage adjustment to balance the benefits and risks of treatment. Pharmacists can play an important role in monitoring and providing drug information and guidance to patients and oncologists. Current investigational strategies include efforts to improve chemotherapy response rates and outcomes through modulation of cell signaling pathways and use of nanotechnology to improve drug delivery. Conclusion. Current management of pancreatic cancer is multifaceted, involving anticancer therapy, supportive care, and toxicity management. Standard systemic therapy with gemcitabine as a single agent or in combination with other cytotoxic agents provides modest benefits in terms of response and symptom control.
ACCESSION #
59967759

 

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